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North Korea

Physical Map of North Korea

Physical Map of North Korea showing relief, highest point, major mountain ranges, rivers, important urban centres, etc.
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North Korea covers an area of 120,540 sq. km in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. 

As observed on the physical map of North Korea above, the country is very mountainous. Several mountain ranges and uplands area crisscross the country separated by deep narrow valleys. 

As marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle, the highest peak, Paektu-san on the volcanic Baekdu Mountain, is located on its northern border with China, and rises 9,002 ft. (2,744 m). Important mountains found in the country include the Hamgyong, Rangrim, and Kangnam Ranges.

Along the west coast there are wide coastal plains, while along the Sea of Japan (East Sea) coastline (North Korea's lowest point at 0 m), narrow plains rise into mountains. Similar to South Korea, dozens of small islands dot the western coastline.

North Korea's longest river is the Yulu (Yalu). Other large rivers include the Tumen, Taedang, and Imjin.

The lowest point in North Korea is the Sea of Japan at sea level.

Provinces Map of North Korea

Political Map of North Korea showing the 9 provinces and 3 cities including the national capital of P’yongyang.
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North Korea (officially, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) is divided into 9 administrative provinces and 3 cities. In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Chagang, Hambuk (North Hamgyong), Hamnam (South Hamgyong), Hwangbuk (North Hwanghae), Hwangnam (South Hwanghae), Kangwon, P’yongbuk (North Pyongan), P’yongnam (South Pyongan) and Ryanggang. The cities are: Namp’o, P’yongyang and Rason. These administrative divisions are further subdivided into a number of smaller subdivisions. 

Located in the west-central part of North Korea along the banks of the Taedong River is P’yongyang – the capital and largest city of North Korea. 

Where is North Korea?

Where is North Korea?
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North Korea is a country in Eastern Asia. It is located both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. North Korea occupies the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea. North Korea is bordered by China in the north, by Russia in the northeast, by South Korea in the South. The Military Demarcation Line forms the land border between North and South Korea.  

North Korea Bordering Countries: Russia, South Korea, China.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of North Korea

Blank Outline Map of North Korea

The blank outline map above represents North Korea, an East Asian country that occupies the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for education purpose like map-pointing or coloring activities.

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Outline Map of North Korea

The outline map above is of North Korea, a sovereign nation occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Capital City Pyongyang
39 01 N, 125 45 E
Independence 15 August 1945 (from Japan)


Total Area 120,538 km2
Land Area 120,408 km2
Water Area 130 km2
Total Border 1,607 km
Coastline 2,495 km
Bordering Countries China 1352 km, South Korea 237 km, Russia 18 km
Climate Temperate, with rainfall concentrated in summer; long, bitter winters
Coordinates 40 00 N, 127 00 E
Mean Elevation 600 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Sea of Japan
Highest Elevation 2,744 m


Population 25,666,161
Ethnic Groups racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Languages Korean
Religions traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)


Currency North Korean won (KPW) per US dollar (average market rate)
GDP $0.00 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $0.00
Exports Minerals, metallurgical products, manufactures (including armaments), textiles, agricultural and fishery products

This page was last updated on September 16, 2020

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