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Physical Map of Vietnam

Physical Map of Vietnam with state boundaries, major rivers, highland areas, highest peak, important cities, and more.
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Located in the Indochinese Peninsula's eastern edge, Vietnam covers an area of around 331,211.6 sq. km. The coastline of mainland Vietnam is about 3,260 km long. The country also includes several islands. 

Vietnam is roughly S-shaped running for a distance of about 1,650 km in the north-to-south directions. It is about 50 km wide at its narrowest region. 

Vietnam is a country of tropical lowlands, rolling green hills, and densely forested mountains. As observed on the physical map above, low-level land covers about 20% of the country. 

The Red River delta is fronted by hills that rise gently into the high mountains of the northwest.

The Annam Highlands (marked on the map above) covers much of the central landscape, and in the southern areas, the coastal lowlands and Mekong River Delta merge. 

A fertile and narrow coastal lowland extends south from the Red River Delta to the Mekong Delta. The Mekong Delta is a low-level plain, one inundated by hundreds of small rivers and canals. Thick jungles and mangrove swamps cover the far-southern areas of land. 

The Red River (Song Hong), and the Mekong are the most significant rivers; both have numerous tributaries, and the latter is certainly among the great rivers of the world. 

As marked on the map above by an upright yellow triangle, Vietnam's highest point is Phan Xi Pang whose summit reaches 3,144 m; the lowest point is the South China Sea at 0m.

Provinces and Municipalities of Vietnam Map

The Political Map of Vietnam showing the 58 provinces, their capitals, the 5 municipalities, and the capital city of Hanoi.
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Vietnam comprises of 58 administrative provinces and 5 municipalities. The municipalities are the highest-ranked cities besides having a special status equal to the provinces.

In alphabetical order, the 58 provinces are: An Giang, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Ben Tre, Binh Dinh, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Binh Thuan, Ca Mau, Cao Bang, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Dien Bien, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Ha Nam, Ha Tinh, Hai Duong, Hau Giang, Hoa Binh, Hung Yen, Khanh Hoa, Kien Giang, Kon Tum, Lai Chau, Lam Dong, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Long An, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Ninh Thuan, Phu Tho, Phu Yen, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Soc Trang, Son La, Tay Ninh, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien-Hue, Tien Giang, Tra Vinh, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Long, Vinh Phuc, and Yen Bai.

The 5 municipalities are: Can Tho, Da Nang, Ha Noi (Hanoi), Hai Phong and Ho Chi Minh City (formerly, Saigon).

The provinces are subdivided into Provincial Cities, Towns, and Rural Districts (huyen). Hanoi, the capital and the second-most populous city of Vietnam is located in the northern region of the country. 

Where is Vietnam?

Where is Vietnam?
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Vietnam is situated in Southeast Asia along the eastern coast of the Indochinese Peninsula. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Vietnam has land borders with three countries; China to the north, and Cambodia and Laos to the west. The Gulf of Tonkin with the Island of Hainan Dao (China) lies to the northeast of Vietnam. To the south and east, the country is bordered by the South China Sea, and the Gulf of Thailand lies to the southwest.

Vietnam Bordering Countries: China, Cambodia, Laos.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Vietnam

Blank Outline Map of Vietnam

The above blank map shows the outline of Vietnam, a country in Southeast Asia. As can be seen on the map, it is a long and narrow country that is roughly S-shaped. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for educational work.

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Outline Map of Vietnam

The above map shows the S-shaped long, narrow nation of Vietnam in Southeast Asia.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Capital City Hanoi (Ha Noi)
21 02 N, 105 51 E
Independence 2 September 1945 (from France)


Total Area 331,210 km2
Land Area 310,070 km2
Water Area 21,140 km2
Total Border 4,616 km
Coastline 3,444 km
Bordering Countries Cambodia 1158 km, China 1297 km, Laos 2161 km
Climate Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (may to september) and warm, dry season (october to march)
Coordinates 16 10 N, 107 50 E
Mean Elevation 398 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
South China Sea
Highest Elevation 3,144 m
Fan Si Pan


Population 96,462,106
Ethnic Groups Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3% (2009 est.)
Languages Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Religions Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)


Currency dong (VND)
GDP $261.92 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,715.28
Exports Clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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