Located in the Indochinese Peninsula's eastern edge, Vietnam covers an area of around 331,211.6 sq. km. The coastline of mainland Vietnam is about 3,260 km long. The country also includes several islands.
Vietnam is roughly S-shaped running for a distance of about 1,650 km in the north-to-south directions. It is about 50 km wide at its narrowest region.
Vietnam is a country of tropical lowlands, rolling green hills, and densely forested mountains. As observed on the physical map above, low-level land covers about 20% of the country.
The Red River delta is fronted by hills that rise gently into the high mountains of the northwest.
The Annam Highlands (marked on the map above) covers much of the central landscape, and in the southern areas, the coastal lowlands and Mekong River Delta merge.
A fertile and narrow coastal lowland extends south from the Red River Delta to the Mekong Delta. The Mekong Delta is a low-level plain, one inundated by hundreds of small rivers and canals. Thick jungles and mangrove swamps cover the far-southern areas of land.
The Red River (Song Hong), and the Mekong are the most significant rivers; both have numerous tributaries, and the latter is certainly among the great rivers of the world.
As marked on the map above by an upright yellow triangle, Vietnam's highest point is Phan Xi Pang whose summit reaches 3,144 m; the lowest point is the South China Sea at 0m.
Vietnam comprises of 58 administrative provinces and 5 municipalities. The municipalities are the highest-ranked cities besides having a special status equal to the provinces.
In alphabetical order, the 58 provinces are: An Giang, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Ben Tre, Binh Dinh, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Binh Thuan, Ca Mau, Cao Bang, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Dien Bien, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Ha Nam, Ha Tinh, Hai Duong, Hau Giang, Hoa Binh, Hung Yen, Khanh Hoa, Kien Giang, Kon Tum, Lai Chau, Lam Dong, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Long An, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Ninh Thuan, Phu Tho, Phu Yen, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Soc Trang, Son La, Tay Ninh, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien-Hue, Tien Giang, Tra Vinh, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Long, Vinh Phuc, and Yen Bai.
The 5 municipalities are: Can Tho, Da Nang, Ha Noi (Hanoi), Hai Phong and Ho Chi Minh City (formerly, Saigon).
The provinces are subdivided into Provincial Cities, Towns, and Rural Districts (huyen). Hanoi, the capital and the second-most populous city of Vietnam is located in the northern region of the country.
Vietnam is situated in Southeast Asia along the eastern coast of the Indochinese Peninsula. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Vietnam has land borders with three countries; China to the north, and Cambodia and Laos to the west. The Gulf of Tonkin with the Island of Hainan Dao (China) lies to the northeast of Vietnam. To the south and east, the country is bordered by the South China Sea, and the Gulf of Thailand lies to the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Socialist Republic of Vietnam|
|Capital City||Hanoi (Ha Noi)|
|21 02 N, 105 51 E|
|Independence||2 September 1945 (from France)|
|Total Area||331,210 km2|
|Land Area||310,070 km2|
|Water Area||21,140 km2|
|Total Border||4,616 km|
|Bordering Countries||Cambodia 1158 km, China 1297 km, Laos 2161 km|
|Climate||Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (may to september) and warm, dry season (october to march)|
|Coordinates||16 10 N, 107 50 E|
|Mean Elevation||398 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|South China Sea|
|Highest Elevation||3,144 m|
|Fan Si Pan|
|Ethnic Groups||Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3% (2009 est.)|
|Languages||Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)|
|Religions||Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,715.28|
|Exports||Clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020