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Maps of Afghanistan

Physical Map of Afghanistan showing state boundaries, relief, major rivers, mountains, important cities, and more. pakistan iran turkmenistan uzbekistan kyrgyzstan china india tajikistan large afghanistan map

About the size of the U.S. State of Texas, Afghanistan occupies an area of 647,230 km2 (249,900 sq mi) in Southern Asia. 

As observed on the physical map of the country above, most of Afghanistan is a rugged, inhospitable mountainous landscape. More than 50% of the total land area lies above 6,500 ft. (2,000 m). It all culminates in the high peaks of the Hindu Kush, where extensions of the Pamir Mountains, Karakorum Mountains and the Himalayas all come together. 

Afghanistan's highest point is Mt. Nowshak (marked on the map by a yellow triangle) which peaks at 24,446 ft. (7,485 m). 

In the north, a fertile plain front the Anu Dar'ya River. In the south, below the mountains, rolling desert and scattered salt flats cover the land. 

Afghanistan is drained by numerous rivers; significant ones include the Amu Dar'ya, Hari, Helmand, and the Kabul - directly east of the capital city, flowing down into the Indus River in Pakistan. 

In 2009 Afghanistan designated a portion of the Hindu Kush Mountains, known as Band-e Amir, their first national park. The park contains six deep blue lakes, Band-e Gholaman, Band-e Qambar, Band-e Haibat, Band-e Panir, Band-e Pudina and Band-e Zulfiqar, all of which are separated by natural dams.

Provinces of Afghanistan Map

Political Map of Afghanistan showing the 34 provinces and the national capital of Kabul.

Afghanistan (officially, The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) is divided into 34 administrative provinces (welayat). In alphabetical order, the 34 provinces are: Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Daykundi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghor, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabul, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khost, Kunar, Kunduz, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Nuristan, Paktika, Paktiya, Panjshir, Parwan, Samangan, Sar-e-Pul, Takhar, Uruzgan, Wardak and Zabul. These provinces are further subdivided into several districts. 

Located in the east-central part of the country, Kabul – is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan. Kabul’s location at an altitude of 1790m, in a narrow valley of the Hindu Kush Mountains – makes it one of the highest capitals in the world. Kabul is the only city in Afghanistan, with populations over a million. Kabul is the country’s largest urban center as well as the political, cultural and economic hub of Afghanistan. 

Where is Afghanistan?

Map showing location of Afghanistan in the world. arctic ocean pacific ocean indian ocean australia oceania tropic of capricorn tropic of cancer arctic circle equator africa europe black sea caspian aral sea red sea gulf of aden bay of bengal arabian sea middle east mediterranean sea asia

Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country in Southern Asia. It is situated in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by six nations – by Pakistan in the east and south; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north and China in the northeast. 

Afghanistan Bordering Countries: Iran, Turkmenistan, China, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Afghanistan

Blank Outline Map of Afghanistan

The blank outline map above represents Afghanistan. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for geography education.

Outline Map of Afghanistan

The above map represents Afghanistan, a country in South Asia with a rugged, mountainous landscape.

Key Facts

Legal Name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Capital City Kabul
34 31 N, 69 11 E
Independence 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)


Total Area 652,230.00 km2
Land Area 652,230.00 km2
Water Area 0.00 km2
Total Border 5,987.0 km
Coastline 0.0 km
Bordering Countries China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2670 km, Tajikistan 1357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km
Climate Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Coordinates 33 00 N, 65 00 E
Mean Elevation 1,884 m
Lowest Elevation 258 m
Amu Darya
Highest Elevation 7,492 m


Population 38,041,754
Major Cities
  1. Kabul (4,221,532)
  2. Herat (605,575)
  3. Mazar-e Sharif (532,689)
  4. Kandahar (498,002)
Ethnic Groups Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz) (2015)
Languages Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 77% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 48%, Uzbek 11%, English 6%, Turkmen 3%, Urdu 3%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1% (2017 est.)
Religions Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)


Currency afghanis (AFA)
GDP $19.10 Billion
GDP Per Capita $502.12
Exports Opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems, and medical herbs

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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