Kyrgyzstan, a landlocked country, covers an area of 199,951 sq. km in Central Asia.
As observed on the map above, over 90% of Kyrgyzstan is dominated by massive, rugged mountain ranges, including the Alai, Kirghiz, and Tien Shan, and their associated valleys and basins. Large areas of those mountain regions are covered by glaciers.
A few flat areas (lower valleys) are found in the north and far southwest, but almost 35% of the land is higher than 9,842 ft. (3,000 m) above sea level.
Kyrgyzstan's highest point (marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle) is Jengish Chokusu which peaks at 24,406 ft. (7,439 m).
Dozens and dozens of rivers flow from the upper reaches of the mountains; the most significant ones include the Al-Say, Chu, Kara Darya, and Naryn. Issyk-Kul is the world's second-largest alpine lake.
The Kara Darya River has the lowest point of Kyrgyzstan at 132 m (433 ft) above sea level.
Kyrgyzstan (officially, The Kyrgyz Republic) is a sovereign country divided into 7 administrative regions (sing. oblast; plur. oblasttar) and two independent cities (shaar). In alphabetical order, the regions are: Batken, Chuy, Issyk-kul, Jalal-Abad, Naryn, Osh and Talas. Bishkek city and Osh city are the two independent cities. Each region is further subdivided into districts (raion).
Bishkek, the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan, is located in the northern part of the country. The ancient city of Osh, located in the Fergana Valley is the second largest city of Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked mountainous country in Central Asia. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by four nations; Kazakhstan in the north, Uzbekistan in the west and southwest, Tajikistan in the southwest and China in the east. Kyrgyzstan is occasionally referred as “the Switzerland of Central Asia” as the beautiful ‘Tian Shan Mountains’ covers major part of the country.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Kyrgyz Republic|
|42 52 N, 74 36 E|
|Independence||31 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)|
|Total Area||199,951 km2|
|Land Area||191,801 km2|
|Water Area||8,150 km2|
|Total Border||4,573 km|
|Bordering Countries||China 1063 km, Kazakhstan 1212 km, Tajikistan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1314 km|
|Climate||Dry continental to polar in high tien shan mountains; subtropical in southwest (fergana valley); temperate in northern foothill zone|
|Coordinates||41 00 N, 75 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||2,988 m|
|Lowest Elevation||132 m|
|Highest Elevation||7,439 m|
|Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy)|
|Ethnic Groups||Kyrgyz 73.5%, Uzbek 14.7%, Russian 5.5%, Dungan 1.1%, other 5.2% (includes Uyghur, Tajik, Turk, Kazakh, Tatar, Ukrainian, Korean, German) (2019 est.)|
|Languages||Kyrgyz (official) 71.4%, Uzbek 14.4%, Russian (official) 9%, other 5.2% (2009 est.)|
|Religions||Muslim 90% (majority Sunni), Christian 7% (Russian Orthodox 3%), other 3% (includes Jewish, Buddhist, Baha'i) (2017 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,309.39|
|Exports||Gold, cotton, wool, garments, meat; mercury, uranium, electricity; machinery; shoes|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020