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China Geography

China's Information

Flag of China
Land Area 9,326,410 km2
Water Area 270,550 km2
Total Area 9,596,960km2 (#4)
Population 1,373,541,278 (#1)
Population Density 147.27/km2
Government Type Communist State
GDP (PPP) $21,100.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,600
Currency Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
More Information China
Largest Cities

In The News

About China

In the vast western reaches of China - mountains, high plateaus and deserts dominate the landscape, while in the central and east areas, the land slopes into broad plains and deltas.

Mountains

The Himalayas, the world's most elevated mountain range, form its southwestern borders with India, Nepal and Bhutan, and contain the highest peaks in the world.

Located within the Himalayas is China's highest point, the famed Mt. Everest, which is also the tallest mountain in the world, and whose summit reaches 29,025 ft. (8.850 m).

Numerous rivers arise in the Himalayas, including the Indus and Brahmaputra rivers.

In the far northeast, high mountains ring China's border with the Russian Federation.

Desert

The Gobi Desert runs west to east along the border with Mongolia. Here the topography varies from sand desert, into the low mountain foothills and plateaus that stretch into Mongolia.

Prolonged drought in the area result in debilitating dust storms, and have caused China to lose a million acres a year to desertification.

China's lowest point, and the third lowest point on the Earth's surface, is the arid Turpan Depression located in the far western part of the country.

Rivers

From the higher elevations in the west literally thousands of rivers drain the country; the most significant include the Yangtze (third longest river on the planet), and the Heilong (Amur), Mekong, Pearl and Yellow.

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China provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions & their capitals

Region Capital
Anhui Hefei
Beijing Beijing
Chongqing Chongqing
Fujian Fuzhou
Gansu Lanzhou
Guangdong Guangzhou
Guangxi Nanning
Guizhou Guiyang
Hainan Haikou
Hebei Shijiazhuang
Heilongjiang Harbin
Henan Zhengzhou
Hubei Wuhan
Hunan Changsha
Inner Mongolia Hohhot
Jiangsu Nanjing
Jiangxi Nanchang
Jilin Changchun
Liaoning Shenyang
Ningxia Yinchuan
Qinghai Xining
Shaanxi Xi'an
Shandong Jinan
Shanghai Shanghai
Shanxi Taiyuan
Sichuan Chengdu
Tianjin Tianjin
Xinjiang Urumqi
Xizang (Tibet Autonomous Region) Lhasa
Yunnan Kunming
Zhejiang Hangzhou

China Trivia

What is the Largest City in China?

Guangzhou is the largest city in China by metro population, with more than 44 million people.

The Largest Cities In China

What Kind of Plants are Native to China?

The native flora of China is diverse with more than 30,000 plant species, and some of these species grow only in China. They include the dove tree, the dawn redwood, the Yunnan cypress, and the China fir.

Plants Native to China

What is the Major Religion in China?

China has some of the highest rates of atheism and agnosticism seen in the world today. Other popular religions include Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, Folk Salvationism, and Islam.

Religious Demographics Of China

What is the Leading Cause of Death in China?

Malignant neoplasms (cancer) are responsible for 28% of all deaths in China, making them the leading causes of deaths in the country.

Leading Causes Of Death In China

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in China?

More than 9 in every 10 residents of the People's Republic of China are ethnic Han Chinese. The ethnic group has a 91.59% of the overall Chinese population descent. The other 55 ethnic groups make up the minority consisting 8.41% of the total population.

The Largest Ethnic Groups In China

What Animals Are Threatened in China?

The big cats like South China Tiger and Amur Leopard are critically endangered due to loss of habitats and poaching. Many of the big cats like tiger or small cats like lynx are hunted for their fur. Moreover, the South China Tiger, leopards and Asian golden cats are hunted for their bones which are used in traditional medicines

Endangered Animals in China

Countries of Asia

This page was last updated on September 29, 2015.