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Maps of Canada

Physical Map of Canada showing relief, major rivers and lakes, mountain ranges, bays and surrounding oceans, the Canadian Shield, Arctic islands, major cities, and more. nelson river

As the 2nd largest country in the world with an area of 9,984,670 sq. km (3,855,100 sq mi), Canada includes a wide variety of land regions, vast maritime terrains, thousands of islands, more lakes and inland waters than any other country, and the longest coastline on the planet. In essence, as observed on the physical map above, Canada is a smorgasbord of landforms, of which the significant ones are: the Appalachian Mountains, St. Lawrence River, Canadian Shield, Canadian Arctic Archipelago; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, Great Plains, Lake Winnipeg, Columbia, Fraser, Mackenzie and Yukon Rivers; Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Rocky Mountains, Canadian Cordillera and the dozens of volcanoes along the Pacific Ring of Fire. 

Appalachian Mountains: The Appalachians extend from the New England States in the U.S. up through parts of the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Quebec. In Canada, they are mostly rolling hills.

Canadian Arctic Archipelago: The Canadian Arctic Archipelago is located north of the Canadian mainland on the fringes of the Arctic Ocean. This group of some 36,000 islands is mostly part of the territory of Nunavut Baffin, Ellesmere and Victoria Islands are the largest of the group respectively. The climate here features long, cold winters and short, cool summers. The terrain consists of tundra except in mountainous regions of the east.

Canadian Shield: As observed on the map, the Canadian Shield, covering the eastern half of Canada’s landmass is an ancient bedrock base of gneiss and granite covered by a shallow layer of soil. Large areas of coniferous (evergreen) forests and hundreds of rivers and lakes spread across this mostly flat region. It’s scattered low-lying mountains include the Laurentian and Torngat ranges.

Canadian Cordillera: The Canadian Cordillera extends from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. The Cordilleras are part of a huge mountain system extending from the Andes of South America to the tip of Alaska. The Canadian Cordillera includes ranges of the Rocky Mountains, the Coast Range and varied coastal mountain ranges and their many active volcanoes.

Great Slave Lake: It is the 2nd largest lake in the Northwest territories of Canada behind Great Bear Lake. It’s the deepest lake in North America at 614m (2,015 ft), and the 9th largest lake in the world.

Great Bear Lake: It is the largest lake entirely within Canada; the 3rd largest in North America and the 7th largest in the world. The lake has a surface area of 31,153 sq.km, (12,028 sq. miles) with a maximum depth of 446 m (1463 ft).

Both lakes have been marked on the map above and are located to the north of the country and are glacial in origin.

Great Plains: The Great Plains slope east from the Rockies and extend to the edge of the Appalachians. The land is generally smooth with large treeless areas and sloping shallow river valleys. They extend across parts of Alberia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories and Saskatchewan, and vast parts of North Central U.S.

Mount Logan: Also marked on the map above by a yellow upright triangle is Mount Logan, the highest peak in Canada. It is located in southwestern Yukon to the northwest of Canada. It has an elevation of 5,959 m (19,551 ft).

Provinces and Territories Map of Canada

Political Map of Canada showing its 10 provinces and 3 territories and the capital city Ottawa.

Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories. In alphabetical order, the provinces are: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Saskatchewan. The territories are: Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon.

Covering a total area of 9,984,670 sq. km, Canada is the 2nd largest nation in the world and the largest country in the Western hemisphere. However, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Situated on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in south eastern Ontario is Ottawa – the capital and the 4th largest city of Canada. It is a major administrative, financial and economic center of the country. Toronto is the largest as well as the most populous city of Canada. It is also an internationally important financial, cultural and business center.

Where is Canada?

Map showing location of Canada in the world. hudson bay

Canada is the largest country in North America. Canada is bordered by non-contiguous US state of Alaska in the northwest and by 12 other US states in the south. The border of Canada with the US is the longest bi-national land border in the world. Canada is also bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Canada also shares maritime borders with the island of Greenland in the northeast and the French island regions of Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the southeast. 

Canada Bordering Countries: The United States Of America.

Regional Maps: Map of North America

Outline Map of Canada

Blank outline map of Canada

The above blank map represents Canada, the largest country in North America. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for educational purposes like map-pointing activities and coloring.

Outline Map of Canada

The above outline map represents Canada - the second largest country in the world, that occupies about 2/5ths of the continent of North America.

Key Facts

Legal Name Canada
Capital City Ottawa
45 25 N, 75 42 W
Independence 1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by UK per Statute of Westminster)


Total Area 9,984,670.00 km2
Land Area 9,093,507.00 km2
Water Area 891,163.00 km2
Total Border 8,893.0 km
Coastline 202,080.0 km
Bordering Countries US 8893 km (includes 2477 km with Alaska)
Climate Varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
Coordinates 60 00 N, 95 00 W
Mean Elevation 487 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Atlantic Ocean
Highest Elevation 5,959 m
Mount Logan


Population 37,589,262
Major Cities
  1. Toronto (6,196,731)
  2. Montréal (4,220,566)
  3. Vancouver (2,581,079)
  4. Calgary (1,547,484)
  5. Edmonton (1,461,182)
  6. Ottawa-Gatineau (1,393,086)
  7. Québec (826,109)
  8. Winnipeg (816,593)
  9. Hamilton (766,688)
  10. Kitchener-Cambrigde-Waterloo (562,466)
Ethnic Groups Canadian 32.3%, English 18.3%, Scottish 13.9%, French 13.6%, Irish 13.4%, German 9.6%, Chinese 5.1%, Italian 4.6%, North American Indian 4.4%, East Indian 4%, other 51.6% (2016 est.)
Languages English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
Religions Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)


Currency Canadian dollars (CAD)
GDP $1.74 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $46,194.73
Exports Motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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