Covering a total area of 944,735 sq. km, the Province of British Columbia is located in the extreme southwestern part of Canada.
As observed on the map, the two major mountain ranges in British Columbia province are the rugged Coast Mountains on the western part of the province and the Rocky Mountains (Canadian Rockies) in the eastern part. The Coast Mountains contain many snow-capped peaks and are heavily forested on their western exposures. The Rocky Mountains are also heavily glaciated and contain several toothy-edged peaks. Some other major mountain ranges that are found in British Columbia include the Cassiar Mountains, Columbia Mountains, Omineca Mountains, Hazelton Mountains, Skeena Mountains. Each of the mountain ranges that are found in the province further contains numerous sub-ranges.
Mount Robson which rises to an elevation of 3,954m is the highest point of the Canadian Rockies within British Columbia. Located within the St. Elias Mountains, on the province’s northwestern boundary with the US State of Alaska is, Mount Fairweather, which rises to an elevation of 4,663m and is the highest point in British Columbia.
A ring of volcanic mountains referred to as the Pacific Ring of Fire also features some of the highest mountains in British Columbia. One of these mountains is Mount Waddington - a dormant volcano in the Coast Mountains, which stands at an elevation of 4,019m.
The long-rugged coastline of British Columbia is highly indented and includes many mountainous fjords and more than 6,000 islands. Vancouver Island and the Haia Gwaii (Quen Charlotte Islands) are the largest among these coastal islands.
Some of the significant rivers of the province include Fraser, Columbia, Peace, Skeena, Stikine, Iskut, Nass, and Kootenay. The Fraser River is the longest in British Columbia. It rises in the Rocky Mountains and drains major parts of the Central and Southern areas before flowing into the Strait of Georgia in the city of Vancouver. Numerous lakes are scattered across the province’s interior mountain valleys among which the Williston Lake is the largest. The lowest point of the British Columbia province is the Pacific Ocean (0m).
The Canadian Province of British Columbia is administratively divided into 26 regional districts. In alphabetical order, these regional districts are Alberni-Clayoquot, Bulkley-Nechako, Capital, Cariboo, Central Coast, Central Kootenay, Central Okanagan, Columbia-Shuswap, Comox Valley, Cowichan Valley, East Kootenay, Fraser Valley, Fraser-Fort George, Kitimat-Stikine, Kootenay Boundary, Metro Vancouver, Mount Waddington, Nanaimo, North Coast, North Okanagan, Northern Rockies, Okanagan-Similkameen, Peace River, qathet, Squamish-Lillocet, Strathcona, Sunshine Coast, and Thompson-Nicola.
In addition to these regional districts, there are a total of 51 cities, 50 district municipalities, 1 Indian government district, 1 Island municipality, 2 Mountain resort municipalities, 1 resort municipality, 14 towns, and 42 villages.
With an area of 944,735 sq. km, British Columbia is the 5th largest and the 3rd most populous Canadian province. Located on the southeastern edge of Vancouver Island is Victoria – the provincial capital city of British Columbia. The city serves as an administrative and technological center of British Columbia. It is also often referred to as the “Garden City”. Situated in the Lower Mainland region of the Canadian Province of British Columbia is Vancouver – the largest and the most populous city in British Columbia. This coastal seaport city also serves as one of Canada’s most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities.
The Province of British Columbia is located in the extreme southwestern part of Canada, in the Continent of North America. It is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. British Columbia is Canada’s westernmost province that is sandwiched between the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by the Canadian Provinces of Yukon and the Northwest Territories in the north; by Alberta in the east; by the US States of Idaho, Montana, and Washington in the south; and by the Pacific Ocean and the southern part of the US State of Alaska in the west.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||Province of British Columbia|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-bcz|
This page was last updated on May 11, 2021