Covering a total area of 1,076,395 sq. km, Ontario is located in the east-central part of Canada.
The Province of Ontario comprises 4 main geographic regions. These are the Canadian Shield, the Hudson Bay Lowlands, the Great Lakes Lowlands, and St. Lawrence Lowlands. As observed on the map, the Canadian Shield covers almost two-thirds of the entire province. This flat landscape is composed of a flat plateau and low, rounded hills and is crisscrossed by numerous rivers and lakes.
There are however no mountainous landscapes in the province except large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield and the Niagara Escarpment. As pointed on the map by an upright yellow triangle, the province’s highest point is located in its northeastern part near Lake Temagami and is referred to as the Ishpatina Ridge, which rises to an elevation of 693m.
The Canadian Shield slopes gently to the north and northeast forming the swampy and less forested Hudson Bay Lowlands. The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands occupy the southern fringes of the Canadian Shield.
An important geographic feature of the province is a group of three waterfalls (Horseshoe Falls, American Falls, and the Bridal Veil Falls) collectively known as the Niagara Falls, that spans the international boundary between the Canadian Province of Ontario and the US State of New York. Among the three waterfalls, the largest Horseshoe (Canadian) Falls is situated on the Canada-US International border.
Some of the notable rivers of the province include Niagara, Missinaibi, Grand, Severn, Winisk, Attawapiskat, Abitibi, Albany, Ottawa, etc. The province also comprises many significant lakes including Abitibi, Nipigon, Lake of the Woods, Big Trout, Simcoe, etc. The Hudson Bay forms the lowest point of the province.
Ontario is administratively divided into single-tier municipalities, upper-tier municipalities (which includes counties and regional municipalities), and districts. Currently, Ontario contains 9 single-tier municipalities, 22 counties, 8 regional municipalities, and 10 districts.
According to the Municipal Act, 2001 there are also 414 local municipalities in Ontario, which includes 214 lower-tier municipalities and 173 single-tier municipalities. Of the 173 single-tier municipalities there are 32 cities, 28 towns, 5 villages, 23 municipalities, and 85 townships. Of the 214 lower-tier municipalities there are 19 cities, 61 towns, 6 villages, 41 municipalities, and 114 townships.
With a total area of 1,076,395 sq. km, Ontario is the 4th most extensive and the most populous Canadian province. Situated on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario is Toronto – the provincial capital, the largest and the most populous city of Ontario. Toronto serves as a major international hub for culture, finance, and business. Located in the eastern part of southern Ontario, on the southern bank of the Ottawa River is Ottawa – the National Capital. It is also the 2nd largest city in Ontario.
The Province of Ontario is located in the east-central part of Canada, in the continent of North America. It is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Ontario is bordered by the Canadian provinces of Manitoba in the West and Quebec in the east and northeast; by the US States of Minnesota, Michigan, Wisconsin, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the four Great Lakes (Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie) in the south; and by the James Bay and the Hudson Bay in the north.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||Province of Ontario|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-onz|
This page was last updated on May 11, 2021