Covering a total area of about 661,848 sq. km, the Province of Alberta is located in the west-central part of Canada.
As observed on the map, the snow-capped Rocky Mountains (the Canadian Rockies) occupies the western part of Alberta, while the Great Plains of North America cover the eastern part of the province. Located in the southwestern part of Alberta, along its boundary with British Columbia Province is Mount Columbia – which rises to an elevation of 3,747m, and is the highest point in Alberta.
The Caribou Mountains which are situated in the far-northern part of Alberta, form an elevated plateau that rises above the northern plains. The Cypress Hills that is situated in the far south-eastern part of Alberta, constitutes the highest point between the Rocky Mountains and Canada's Maritime provinces.
The Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains serves as the source of the two principal rivers of Alberta. These include the North Saskatchewan and the Athabasca rivers. Some of the other significant rivers of Alberta include Slave, Peace, Milk, South Saskatchewan, Oldman, Bow, Red Deer, and Hay River. Some of the major lakes that are situated within the province are Lake Athabasca, Claire, and Lesser Slave lakes.
Forested land is observed in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and the northern part of the province. In the eastern and southern parts, the land is quite smooth and covered with prairies. Located in the south-eastern part of Alberta is the Alberta badlands which are characterized by eroded, barren landscapes and steep slopes. Alberta’s lowest point is located in the north-eastern part of the province in the Slave River valley, at an elevation of 175m.
Some of the notable National Parks in Alberta include the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, Banff National Park, Jasper National Park, Wood Buffalo National Park, Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, Wood Buffalo National Park etc.
The Canadian Province of Alberta is administratively divided into several different types of local governments such as, the urban municipalities (which includes cities, villages, towns, and summer villages); rural municipalities (which include counties/municipal districts, special areas, and improvement districts); specialized municipalities; Métis settlements, Indian reserves and many unincorporated communities (which include hamlets, a townsite and urban service areas).
Currently, Alberta consists of 19 cities, 107 towns, 81 villages, 51 summer villages, 6 specialized municipalities, 63 municipal districts, 7 improvement districts, 3 special areas, 389 hamlets, 2 urban service areas, and 1 townsite. In addition to these, there are a total of 8 Métis settlements – which are rural areas that are currently inhabited by Alberta’s indigenous Métis people. About, 6,566.6 sq. km of total land area in Alberta is occupied by Indian reserves.
With an area of 661,848 sq. km, Alberta is the 6th largest and the 4th most populous Canadian province. Located in the heart of the Edmonton Capital Region and on the North Saskatchewan River, is Edmonton – the capital and the 2nd largest city of Alberta. It serves as the administrative, cultural, economic, and educational center of Alberta. The city hosts various year-round festivals and has therefore been nicknamed “Canada’s Festival City”. The city of Edmonton is the northernmost among all the major Canadian cities and is often referred to as the “Gateway to the North”. Situated in the southern part of Alberta near the confluence of Bow and Elbow rivers is Calgary – which serves as the largest and the most populous city of Alberta.
The Province of Alberta is located in the west-central part of Canada, in the Continent of North America. It is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Alberta is a landlocked province that is situated in the Prairies region of Canada. It is bordered by the other Canadian Provinces of British Columbia in the west; by the Northwest Territories in the north; and by Saskatchewan in the east. In the south, the 49th parallel north latitude forms Alberta’s international boundary with the US State of Montana.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||Province of Alberta|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-abz|
This page was last updated on May 11, 2021