Covering an area of 5,686 sq. km, Prince Edward Island is located in the Canadian Maritimes region, in the eastern part of Canada.
The Prince Edward Island is connected to the Canadian mainland by the 12.9km long Confederation Bridge. The island is mostly low-lying, tree-covered land that is punctuated by rolling hills. The heavily indented coastline of the island contains many long beaches, saltwater marshes, bays, coves, and small inlets. On the northern side of the island, the entrance to the bays and harbors is blocked by large sand dunes on barrier islands. About 1800km of the island’s shoreline which faces the Gulf of St. Lawrence is covered by red sandstone cliffs. Located in Queens county, a hill named Glen Valley, which rises to an elevation of 142m is the highest point on Prince Edward Island. Numerous small streams and rivers are found here. However, there are no major lakes on Prince Edward Island. The island's lowest point is at the Gulf of St. Lawrence (0m).
The Canadian Province of Prince Edward Island is divided into 3 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are Kings, Prince and Queens. The Province is further divided into a total of 63 municipalities. Of these 63 municipalities, there are 2 cities, 10 towns, 50 rural municipalities, and 1 resort municipality.
With an area of 5,686 sq. km, Prince Edward Island is the smallest and the least populous Canadian province. Located in the southern shore of the Island on the Charlottetown Harbor is Charlottetown – the capital and the largest city of Prince Edward Island. The famous “Charlottetown Conference” which resulted in the creation of the Canadian Confederation was held here in 1864. The city is thus also referred to as the “Birthplace of Confederation”.
The Province of Prince Edward Island is located in the Canadian Maritimes region, in the eastern part of Canada, in the continent of North America. It is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. The island is situated in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and is bounded by the Northumberland Strait in the south and west. The Prince Edward Island is placed to the east of the Canadian province of New Brunswick; to the north of the Nova Scotia peninsula and the west of Cape Breton Island.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||Province of Prince Edward Island|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-peiz|
This page was last updated on May 11, 2021