Luzern, Switzerland

The Richest Countries In Europe

Financial dominance is rare in isolated kingdoms spread to the corners of the Earth; instead, nations that network together - thrive together. These 15 richest European countries, as demonstrated by their high GDP per capita (PPP), showcase a unique range of interconnected cultures, industries, and lifestyles. To accurately evaluate the regional standing of these countries, two metrics are essential: Purchasing power parity (PPP) and gross domestic product (GDP). PPP is measurable by the price of certain goods in each country, while GDP is an annual measure of all the final goods and services produced and sold. 'GDP per capita (PPP)' can be determined by dividing a country's GDP by its total population, considering PPP adjustments. From Ireland in the northwest to Malta in the south, these nations have developed successful global enterprises that have contributed significantly to their wealth.

15 Richest European Countries By GDP Per Capita (PPP)

  1. Luxembourg - $146,259
  2. Ireland - $139,844
  3. Switzerland - $87,522
  4. Norway - $82,496
  5. San Marino - $74,970
  6. The Netherlands - $72,363
  7. Denmark - $72,167
  8. Iceland - $69,811
  9. Austria - $69,399
  10. Andorra - $67,735
  11. Germany - $65,865
  12. Sweden - $65,459
  13. Belgium - $64,125
  14. Finland - $61,009
  15. Malta - $59,860

1. Luxembourg - $146,259

Aerial view of the beautiful Esch-sur-Sure, a medieval town in Luxembourg.

Luxembourg has the distinction of being one of the wealthiest countries in the world. It is known for its high living standards, low unemployment rate, and stable economy. The country's GDP per capita (PPP) ranks among the highest in Europe and is one of the highest globally.

This wealth depends on several factors: Firstly, Luxembourg's strategic location at the crossroads between Germany, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands gives it an edge in international business. Its geographical position also makes it a great hub for transport services and logistics activities. Additionally, Luxembourg's open policies towards foreign investment have enabled it to become a financial hub with many international banks operating in the country.

Luxembourg's political stability has also enabled it to foster economic growth over time. It has a history of peaceful coexistence among its citizens, reliable infrastructure, and a well-established legal system supporting commercial activity. Furthermore, its efficient taxation system makes it attractive to businesses while providing financial incentives that help promote job creation and encourage entrepreneurs to operate within its borders.

2. Ireland - $139,844

Cathedral and colored houses in Cobh, Ireland.

The citizens of Ireland are incredibly hard-working and dedicated, working diligently to keep the economy thriving. This, combined with a stable government and worldwide investment, has enabled the country to grow prosperously.

The Irish economy has seen consistent growth over the last few years due to its favorable taxation policy for businesses and investors. This accessibility has attracted global companies looking for new opportunities, simultaneously creating additional employment opportunities. Moreover, Ireland benefits from EU membership and entry into European markets. This access grants it access to funds contributing to its economic success and other benefits such as visa-free travel within the European blocs.

The passion of the Irish people has also been instrumental in maintaining high levels of economic prosperity in Ireland. Through their drive and ambition, they have developed a unique culture that centers around creativity and innovation. These values have allowed them to create many successful businesses and organizations devoted to improving education and healthcare in their nation.

3. Switzerland - $87,522

Aerial view of historic Zurich city center in Switzerland.

Switzerland is renowned for its wealth, boasting one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. This advantage is primarily due to its progressive economic policies, advanced financial infrastructure, and highly skilled workforce. The country has embraced technological advances in banking, manufacturing, and other industries, allowing it to remain competitive in an ever-changing global market.

Switzerland also has low levels of inequality between rich and poor, which helps to facilitate an atmosphere of prosperity. Its tax system encourages national savings through low taxes on income, and corporate profits and capital gains are almost completely exempt from taxation. Additionally, the government invests heavily in research, development, and infrastructure, providing the environment necessary for businesses to grow and thrive.

Moreover, Switzerland's peace and political stability are integral components of its overall economic success. Over centuries of neutrality, they have managed to maintain a neutral stance both militarily and politically while still actively engaging with other countries on economic matters. This diplomacy allows them access to valuable foreign markets without risking their security or autonomy.

4. Norway - $82,496

Old town of Bergen, Norway
The picturesque Old Town of Bergen, Norway.

Norway has long been one of the world's wealthiest countries, and several reasons contribute to its success. The nation's natural resources - including vast oil reserves, hydropower, and minerals - have been vital to Norway's economic rise. In addition, the Norwegian government has prioritized investment in education, innovation, and research, enabling it to reap significant returns on its investments consistently. Moreover, Norway is a global leader in transparency and corporate governance standards; this helps attract foreign capital and creates an environment conducive to fostering business growth. Finally, Norway also has access to a well-educated and skilled labor force, making it easier for businesses to find workers suited to their needs. 

5. San Marino - $74,970

San Marino
The city of San Marino seen from the top of a cliff.

San Marino's economic prosperity results from advantageous conditions in combination with government initiatives. Low taxation rates, strong international investment, and cutting-edge industries have transformed San Marino into a hub for enterprising individuals and businesses. The population is highly educated and proficient in areas such as finance, medicine, technology, engineering, and media.

San Marino's well-built infrastructure makes it attractive to investors from abroad. The roadways are well maintained, while a tax system has been set up to provide foreign companies with beneficial incentives. Education is also highly valued in San Marino, with public colleges and private universities housing science, art, and humanities degree programs.

The nation's governing body has a vested interest in facilitating growth. This body gives subsidies to promote job creation and grants investment tax credits to encourage technological expansion across the country. Furthermore, social benefits like healthcare coverage, pension provision, and disability assistance are available for its citizens.

6. The Netherlands - $72,363

Panoramic aerial view of Amsterdam in a beautiful summer day, The Netherlands
Panoramic aerial view of Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, on a beautiful summer day.

The Netherlands is renowned as a wealthy country, boasting an advanced and prosperous economy. Its success is related to several factors, including fiscal discipline, robust infrastructure, an educated workforce, and access to global markets. As an open economy showcased by its large seaport in Rotterdam, the Netherlands takes full advantage of international trade. It has a diversified industrial output and a highly developed services sector that supports domestic demand. An excellent transport system that connects the nation with other countries across the region supports this sector significantly. The Netherlands also enjoys a high quality of life thanks to its comprehensive social welfare system, which ensures all citizens can access government-funded health care and education programs at a reasonable cost. Furthermore, the country boasts a technologically advanced agricultural sector that produces food of superior quality and quantity.

7. Denmark - $72,167

Denmark Nyhavn New Harbour canal and entertainment district.
The Nyhavn New Harbour canal and entertainment district in Denmark.

Denmark's outstanding economic performance has bolstered its wealth. A low unemployment rate, a sound banking system, and rapid growth in production sectors have all contributed to Denmark's prosperity. Furthermore, the Danish government has implemented policies promoting innovation and competition, resulting in a thriving business environment. Moreover, a large part of the population is highly educated, which helps facilitate the development of new products and services. Additionally, Denmark enjoys an extensive welfare system supported by high taxation rates, ensuring citizens are provided with the necessary resources for a comfortable livelihood. Finally, Denmark benefits from being part of the European Union (EU), which provides access to global markets and allows for fewer trade barriers.

8. Iceland - $69,811

Beautiful view of the historic town of Husavik with traditional colorful houses and traditional fisherman boats lying in the harbor
Beautiful view of the historic town of Husavik, Iceland, with traditional colorful houses and traditional fisherman boats lying in the harbor.

Iceland is renowned for its economic success and has become one of the world's wealthiest countries. With only about 380,000 people, Iceland currently enjoys an annual gross domestic product per capita higher than many of its European counterparts. This wealth can be attributed to three major factors: a high savings rate, sound banking policies, and a robust fishing industry. The nation's citizens have a high national savings rate; in fact, it is one of the highest in the world. This enables Icelanders to invest more in the economy and accrue greater rewards over time.

Further, Iceland has implemented sound banking policies, enabling it to take advantage of opportunities for growth abroad and avoid financial disaster domestically. Finally, Iceland relies heavily on its fishing industry, providing food security and structure to its economic system. The industry employs around 3.9% of Iceland's population and generates 43% of total export earnings annually. It also acts as a buffer against external shocks, such as changes in currency exchange rates or fluctuations in foreign markets. By maintaining a strong focus on the fishing industry, Iceland has remained economically secure even when other countries experience turmoil or recession.

9. Austria - $69,399

Scenic picture-postcard view of famous Hallstatt mountain village in the Austrian Alps
Scenic picture-postcard view of the famous Hallstatt mountain village in the Austrian Alps.

Austria's rich natural resources, strategic location, and well-developed infrastructure form the foundation of its economic success. The country also benefits from a highly skilled labor force and low unemployment rates. Additionally, Austria has carefully managed its finances to remain economically strong during global volatility.

Austria's government practices fiscal responsibility by maintaining a balanced budget and managing public debt. The country has also successfully diversified its economy to become one of the most competitive nations in Europe. This diversification has enabled Austria to remain resilient against unpredictable macroeconomic conditions.

Moreover, Austria is an attractive destination for foreign direct investments due to its business-friendly environment and highly integrated export markets. Furthermore, the Austrian government supports innovation at all levels with tax incentives, research grants, and other programs encouraging entrepreneurship and growth-oriented businesses.

10. Andorra - $67,735

Aerial view of Andorra la Vella, the capital of Andorra, in the Pyrenees mountains
Aerial view of Andorra la Vella, the capital of Andorra, in the Pyrenees mountains.

Andorra is an affluent nation with a unique economic model that contributes to its wealth. The country's thriving tourism industry benefits from low taxes, allowing businesses to export goods without high overhead costs. Additionally, the government engages in proactive fiscal policies, such as the targeted use of subsidies and investments that attract foreign capital. Moreover, private property rights are protected by strong laws and enforcement mechanisms – providing ample incentive for businesses to invest in the country. Furthermore, thanks to its strategic location between Spain and France, Andorra boasts excellent geopolitical conditions, which make it a desirable trade partner, improving its economic opportunities even further.

11. Germany - $65,865

Scenic summer view of the Old Town architecture with Elbe river embankment in Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Scenic summer view of the Old Town architecture with Elbe river embankment in Dresden, Saxony, Germany.

Germany is a country of immense wealth and development. It is home to a bustling economy that has grown significantly over the last few decades, fueled by its vibrant culture, strong focus on education, and progressive leadership.

The German government has emphasized investments in education and technology, resulting in an educated workforce with excellent technical skills. These investments have allowed the nation to attract world-class talent from other countries and business investments. As Germany continues to produce cutting-edge technological advances, it has seen its research prowess increase quickly as a result. However, many critics point to Germany's lack of investment in nuclear energy as one of the country's greatest weaknesses.

However, Germany does continue to promote innovation through various startup initiatives and endeavors that allow entrepreneurs to bring their products and services to the globe. This reach amplifies Germany's economic power with increased opportunities for businesses of all sizes in all fields of industry. Last, modern infrastructure across Germany helps companies to adapt quickly when new trends emerge in the market.

12. Sweden - $65,459

Scenic summer aerial panorama of the Old Town (Gamla Stan) architecture in Stockholm, Sweden
Scenic summer aerial panorama of the Old Town (Gamla Stan) architecture in Stockholm, Sweden.

Sweden has historically embraced free trade, promoting it to build strong commercial ties with other European countries. Additionally, Sweden has a highly-educated population adept at adapting to technological changes and modernizing the labor market.

Furthermore, Sweden's government understands how to utilize its vast natural resources. This modus operandi has allowed for investment in infrastructure and public services, enabling a high quality of life for citizens. Moreover, Sweden's prudent fiscal policies have encouraged growth and kept costs low. As such, businesses enjoy low taxes and generous incentives for investing in research and development.

The combination of these factors culminates in a prosperous nation that continues to be an attractive destination for businesses looking to expand or invest in Europe. The Swedish government adheres firmly to an ethical foundation reflected in its laws and regulations; this creates a safe environment where honest businesses can thrive.

13. Belgium - $64,125

Grand Place during Flower Carpet festival.
Grand Palace in Brussels, Belgium, during the Flower Carpet festival.

Belgium's diverse industries, from finance to technology and transportation, reinforce its sturdy economic fundamentals. Belgium's well-developed and highly efficient financial system has consistently attracted foreign investment. Furthermore, the country boasts a highly skilled workforce adept at adapting and innovating in rapidly changing global markets.

In addition, through careful fiscal management and sound taxation policies, the country has generated high economic growth over time. Belgium also benefits from being located in the heart of Europe, allowing it to take advantage of regional trade deals and access international capital markets. Finally, it also enjoys solid socio-cultural links with its neighbors, further contributing to its wealth-creation process. Observers understand that Belgium has mastered the art of creating wealth for itself by combining a mix of traditional and modern techniques.

14. Finland - $61,009

Helsinki cityscape with Helsinki Cathedral and port, Finland
Helsinki cityscape with Helsinki Cathedral and port, Finland

From Finland's strong economy to its innovative public policies, the country has many advantages that have enabled it to achieve wealth. Finland's economy is driven by exports, which has helped it diversify and remain competitive globally. The country takes pride in producing high-quality goods and services and maintains low corruption levels throughout its business sector. In addition, Finland has invested heavily in education and research, allowing them to stay ahead of technological advances. This well-trained workforce also contributes to Finland's economic dynamism.

The government of Finland also plays an essential role in fostering economic success. It sets sound fiscal policies that promote stability and growth while encouraging development through investment in infrastructure and the encouragement of entrepreneurship. Additionally, taxes are progressive, which allows individual citizens to contribute their fair share towards the country's welfare without hindering their ability to save or invest money for their future.

Finally, Finland is a particularly attractive place for foreign investments due to its stable political environment and excellent reputation as a safe place with some of the highest quality standards in Europe. This usefulness further contributes to Finland's overall wealth by providing more opportunities for individuals and businesses.

15. Malta - $59,860

Traditional fishing boats in the Mediterranean Village of Marsaxlokk, Malta
Traditional fishing boats in the Mediterranean Village of Marsaxlokk, Malta.

Malta is a prosperous island nation in the Mediterranean Sea. It has a relatively small population of 547,000 yet boasts one of the highest per capita incomes in the region. This affluence is apparent from both an economic and social perspective.

The country's economy hinges on its abundant natural resources, such as limestone and salt, and strategic location. This wealth has enabled Malta to invest heavily in infrastructure projects, such as roads and hospitals, creating jobs for residents and stimulating economic growth. Malta also benefits from having low tax rates, with taxes limited to 15 percent of income earned by businesses or individuals.

Like others on this list, Malta has benefited from an influx of foreign investment due to its financial services sector being one of the most advanced in Europe. The sector provides a wide range of services, including banking, insurance, and investment management; thus providing job opportunities to professionals who have moved from other countries here seeking better employment prospects. As a result, Malta has experienced significant development over recent years; this includes improvements in education standards, healthcare facilities, and overall quality of life for those living there.

Richest Countries Lists

As evidenced by their high GDP per capita (PPP) ratings, the top 15 wealthiest European countries demonstrate the power of solidarity and collaboration in achieving success. With various climates, industries, and lifestyles, these nations have come together to create global enterprises that have powered their economies. This partnership showcases how working together can unlock even more tremendous potential for wealth and development, despite differences in geography or language. All these countries share a strong network of cooperation that enables them to make the most out of their resources and ensure prosperity across Europe.

The Richest Countries in Europe

Rank Country GDP per Capita (PPP) Population (Millions)
1 Luxembourg 146,259.82 0.619
2 Ireland 139,844.18 4.941
3 Switzerland 87,522.06 8.574
4 Norway 82,496.19 5.347
5 San Marino 74,970.01 0.033
6 Netherlands 72,363.53 17.33
7 Denmark 72,167.19 5.818
8 Iceland 69,811.28 0.361
9 Austria 69,399.47 8.877
10 Andorra 67,735.00 0.077
11 Germany 65,865.26 83.13
12 Sweden 65,459.17 10.28
13 Belgium 64,125.26 11.48
14 Finland 61,009.05 5.52
15 Malta 59,860.12 0.502
16 France 58,420.55 67.05
17 United Kingdom 57,821.90 66.83
18 Italy 52,825.32 60.29
19 Slovenia 52,517.70 2.087
* Cyprus 52,057.17 1.198
20 Czech Republic 51,328.62 10.66
21 Estonia 48,644.22 1.326
22 Spain 48,594.47 47.07
23 Lithuania 48,335.64 2.786
24 Hungary 44,434.66 9.769
25 Poland 44,249.39 37.97
26 Portugal 43,948.63 10.26
* Turkey 40,882.73 83.42
27 Romania 40,672.73 19.35
28 Croatia 40,484.51 4.067
29 Latvia 40,197.50 1.912
30 Greece 38,607.64 10.71
* Kazakhstan 32,947.04 18.51
31* Russia 32,390.60 144.3
32 Bulgaria 31,302.64 6.975
33 Montenegro 27,616.12 0.622
34 Serbia 25,718.88 6.944
35 Belarus 22,644.41 9.466
* Georgia 21,379.20 3.72
36 North Macedonia 21,103.73 2.083
37 Albania 19,009.87 2.854
38 Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,956.54 3.301
* Azerbaijan 18,310.45 10.02
* Armenia 18,007.90 2.957
39 Moldova 17,779.16 2.657

* These transcontinental countries are also part of Asia but are often viewed as European by association. Russia is unique in its participation in European markets, because a major part of its population resides in Europe, west of the Ural Mountains.

**Data on Ukraine for 2023 is currently unavailable, despite its status as a European country


More in Economics