Gabon is easily divided into three distinct regions: a narrow coastal plain, a hilly mountainous interior, and a savanna in the far-east and south. Of note, rainforests cover nearly 85% of the country.
The coastal plains form a large section of the World Wildlife Fund's Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion and contain patches of Central African mangroves.
As marked on the physical map of Gabon, significant mountains include the Cristal Mountains in the northeast and the central Chaillu Massif (a large mountain mass).
The country also has hundreds of caves located in the dolomite and limestone rocks formations in the east central areas.
Gabon is drained by numerous rivers; the largest is the Ogooué which is 746 miles, (1,200 km) long. The course of the river through Gabon can be observed on the map above.
The highest point of the country is Mont Iboundji at 2,534 ft. (1,575 m), and the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).
Gabon has nine provinces which are further subdivided into 50 departments. In alphabetical order, the provinces are as follows: Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime, and Woleu-Ntem. These provinces are further subdivided into 50 departments. With an area of 46,075 sq. km, Ogooue-Ivindo is the largest province by area and Estuaire is the most populous one. The latter hosts the national capital of Libreville.
Gabon is a country in Central Africa. It is located in the Eastern Hemisphere. As the Equator passes through Gabon, it stretches into both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Gabon is bordered by three countries. The Republic of the Congo borders it to the east and south. Cameroon lies to the north and Equatorial Guinea to the northwest. Gabon has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Gabonese Republic|
|0 23 N, 9 27 E|
|Independence||17 August 1960 (from France)|
|Total Area||267,667 km2|
|Land Area||257,667 km2|
|Water Area||10,000 km2|
|Total Border||3,261 km|
|Bordering Countries||Cameroon 349 km, Republic of the Congo 2567 km, Equatorial Guinea 345 km|
|Climate||Tropical; always hot, humid|
|Coordinates||1 00 S, 11 45 E|
|Mean Elevation||377 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,575 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Gabonese-born 80.1% (includes Fang 23.2%, Shira-Punu/Vili 18.9%, Nzabi-Duma 11.3%, Mbede-Teke 6.9%, Myene 5%, Kota-Kele 4.9%, Okande-Tsogo 2.1%, Pygmy .3%, other 7.5%), Cameroonian 4.6%, Malian 2.4%, Beninese 2.1%, acquired Gabonese nationality 1.6%, Togolese 1.6%, Senegalese 1.1%, Congolese (Brazzaville) 1%, other 5.5% (includes Congolese (Kinshasa), Equatorial Guinean, Nigerian) (2012)|
|Languages||French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 42.3%, Protestant 12.3%, other Christian 27.4%, Muslim 9.8%, animist 0.6%, other 0.5%, none/no answer 7.1% (2012 est.)|
|Currency||Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$7,667.37|
|Exports||Crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020