Mauritius occupies a total area of 2,040 sq. km in the Indian Ocean. It is made up of the main island of Mauritius and several outlying islands like the Ambre Island, Est Island, Cerfs Island, Benitiers Island, etc., as marked on the map.
The island of Mauritius is a volcanic island formed by volcanic activity around 8 million years ago. However, no volcanic activity has been recorded on the island for over 100,000 years.
Coral reefs surround the island protecting the land from storms and high waves.
The spectacular white sand beaches of the Mauritius Island give way to a broken ring of coastal mountain ranges. A plain covers the northern part of Mauritius gradually giving way to a central plateau with elevations ranging from 270 to 730 m. Bordering the plateau are low mountains. The highest peak in Mauritius, the 828 m tall Mount Piton, is located in the southwest of the plateau.
Off the coast of mainland Mauritius, there are nearly a hundred islets and rocks without any human habitation.
Lake Vacoas, marked on the map, is the primary source of water for the islanders. Important rivers include the Grand River South East and the Black River.
Mauritius is composed of nine districts. In alphabetical order, these are Black River, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Savanne.
The country also has three dependencies. These are Cargados Carajos Shoals, Rodrigues, and Agalega Islands.
The districts of Mauritius are further subdivided into one city, four towns, and 130 villages. Port Louis is the capital of the country.
With an area of 297.9 sq. km, Flacq is the largest district in Mauritius while Plaines Wilhelms is the largest by population.
The island country of Mauritius is located off the southeast coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is separated from mainland Africa by a distance of about 2,000 km. It is located in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Mauritius|
|Capital City||Port Louis|
|20 09 S, 57 29 E|
|Independence||12 March 1968 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||2,040.00 km2|
|Land Area||2,030.00 km2|
|Water Area||10.00 km2|
|Total Border||0.0 km|
|Climate||Tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (may to november); hot, wet, humid summer (november to may)|
|Coordinates||20 17 S, 57 33 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||828 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Indo-Mauritian (compose approximately two thirds of the total population), Creole, Sino-Mauritian, Franco-Mauritian|
|Languages||Creole 86.5%, Bhojpuri 5.3%, French 4.1%, two languages 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes English, the official language of the National Assembly, which is spoken by less than 1% of the population), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Hindu 48.5%, Roman Catholic 26.3%, Muslim 17.3%, other Christian 6.4%, other 0.6%, none 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)|
|Currency||Mauritian rupees (MUR)|
|GDP Per Capita||$11,203.54|
|Exports||Clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish, primates (for research)|
This page was last updated on October 12, 2020