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North Dakota

North Dakota History Timeline

1600s - 1700s
  • (1610) Henry Hudson claimed Hudson Bay watershed for Spain returned Missouri River watershed to France; Louisiana Purchase transferred area from France to United States
  • (1804) Lewis and Clark arrived, built Fort Mandan
  • (1806) Lewis and Clark expedition arrived at Fort Mandan on return to east
  • (1812) William Douglas established a Scottish settlement near Pembina
  • (1818) North Dakota became part of Missouri Territory
  • (1828) American Fur Company opened Fort Union, remained the most important trading post in the area for 40 years
  • (1837) Smallpox epidemic annihilated Mandan Indians
  • (1851) Permanent agricultural settlement established at Pembina
  • (1860) Regular steamboat service began on Missouri River
  • (1861) Dakota Territory officially organized; William Jayne appointed first governor
  • (1863) Dakota Territory opened for homesteading
  • (1867) Fort Totten Indian Reservation established
  • (1868) Laramie Treaty defined Sioux lands as west of Missouri River in Dakota Territory; Joseph Rolette was first homesteader
  • (1870) Fort Berthold Indian Reservation established
  • (1874) Col. George A. Custer explored Black Hills, verified existence of gold
  • (1875) U. S. War Department allowed white settlement on Indian lands causing major uprising
  • (1876) Custer defeated at Little Big Horn River
  • (1878) Ranching began in western Dakota Territory
  • (1879) Great Dakota land boom began
  • (1882) Last Indian buffalo hunt occurred; fire destroyed much of Grand Forks
  • (1883) Territorial capital moved to Bismarck from Yankton
  • (1884) Fire destroyed half of city of Devils Lake
  • (1886) Severe winter ended open range ranching
  • (1889) North Dakota became 39th state
  • (1890) Sitting Bull killed
  • (1893) Fire destroyed business section of Fargo
  • (1898) Fire destroyed Bismarck business section
1900s
  • (1901) Ranch operator, Theodore Roosevelt, became president of U. S.
  • (1911) State flag designated
  • (1915) Wheat crop largest to date
  • (1918) Influenza epidemic killed 2,700
  • (1919) Windstorm killed 8, injured 40; first airplane fatality occurred
  • (1921) Governor, Attorney General, Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor recalled by voters
  • (1922) First motor vehicle bridge across Missouri River established at Bismarck
  • (1929) Severe drought began, lasted nearly eight years
  • (1930) Severe windstorm damaged 1,847 buildings
  • (1932) Prohibition agents made biggest raid west of Chicago at Jamestown
  • (1936) Highest and lowest temperatures recorded, 60 degrees below zero at Parshall and 120 degrees above at Steele; drought devastated crops
  • (1938) First hard-surfaced highway completed across state
  • (1941) Red River Valley blizzard killed 90
  • (1951) Oil discovered near Tioga; voter registration repealed
  • (1953) Bones of Sitting Bull stolen from grave at Fort Yates, reburied near Mobridge, South Dakota
  • (1956) Construction began at Grand Forks Air Force Base; Garrison Dam began generating electricity
  • (1957) Construction began at Minot Air Force Base
  • (1960) Garrison Dam completed; Lake Sakakawea formed
  • (1961) Roger Maris of Fargo broke Babe Ruth's home run record
  • (1963) Uranium recovery began; Minuteman Missiles arrived at Grand Forks and Minot Air Force bases
  • (1965) North Dakota's first Minuteman Missile installed in underground site
  • (1966) Worst blizzard in state history occurred
  • (1968) First recorded earthquake in state recorded near Ashley
  • (1969) Minot hit by flood; 126 Minot teachers dismissed during strike
  • (1973) Sales taxes on groceries repealed
  • (1975) Blizzard killed 12 residents, countless cattle; resulting floods caused $1 billion in damages; North Dakota only state to ratify ERA
  • (1978) Oil boom began in western part of state; sunflowers became second largest cash crop; 23 counties eligible for disaster assistance due to spring flooding
  • (1984) Ruth Meiers became first woman Lieutenant Governor
  • (1985) State's first ethanol plant built at Walhalla; Beryl Levine became first woman Justice of North Dakota Supreme Court
  • (1987) 10,000 people evacuated homes in Minot due to fire at agricultural chemical warehouse
  • (1988) Severe drought destroyed acres of wheat
  • (1997) Red River flooding devastated Grand Forks
2000's
  • (2008) U.S. Geological Survey released assessment of undiscovered oil resources in Bakken Formation
  • (2009) Thousands asked to evacuate homes in Fargo due to rising of Red River
  • (2010) North Dakota had lowest unemployment rate in nation at 4.2%
  • (2011) Flooding forced thousands to evacuate Minot

North Dakota Photographs

George Custer

North Dakota Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Hettinger Adams 701
Valley City Barnes 701
Fort Totten Benson 701
Medora Billings 701
Bottineau Bottineau 701
Bowman Bowman 701
Powers Lake Burke 701
Bismarck Burleigh 701
Fargo Cass 701
Langdon Cavalier 701
Oakes Dickey 701
Crosby Divide 701
Killdeer Dunn 701
New Rockford Eddy 701
Linton Emmons 701
Carrington Foster 701
Beach Golden Valley 701
Grand Forks Grand Forks 701
Elgin Grant 701
Cooperstown Griggs 701
New England Hettinger 701
Steele Kidder 701
Lamoure Lamoure 701
Napoleon Logan 701
Velva McHenry 701
Wishek McIntosh 701
Watford City McKenzie 701
Garrison McLean 701
Beulah Mercer 701
Mandan Morton 701
New Town Mountrail 701
Lakota Nelson 701
Center Oliver 701
Cavalier Pembina 701
Rugby Pierce 701
Devils Lake Ramsey 701
Lisbon Ransom 701
Mohall Renville 701
Wahpeton Richland 701
Belcourt Rolette 701
Milnor Sargent 701
McClusky Sheridan 701
Fort Yates Sioux 701
Marmarth Slope 701
Dickinson Stark 701
Finley Steele 701
Jamestown Stutsman 701
Cando Towner 701
Mayville Traill 701
Grafton Walsh 701
Minot Ward 701
Harvey Wells 701
Williston Williams 701
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.