Covering an area of 225,163 sq. km, the State of Minnesota is located in the North-Central (Midwest) region of the United States.
During the Ice Age, the land now called Minnesota was completely covered by glaciers. When those masses of ice retreated (or melted) they left behind a rocky and pockmarked landscape of rolling hills and plains, tens of thousands of freshwater lakes (in all sizes) numerous rivers, and countless small streams.
In the west along its border with North Dakota, the Red River Valley stretches from the Canadian border to the edges of South Dakota. This relatively flat strip of land is Minnesota's most productive farmland.
As observed on the map, from Bemidji east to Grand Portage, and north to its border with Canada is the state's most rugged landscape. This area of Minnesota is dominated by the Mesabi Range of low mountains (hills) and the Misquah Hills. Located in the northern part of Cook County is Eagle Mountain – the state’s highest point, which rises to an elevation of 2,301ft (701m).
This large stretch of land is frequently referred to as the Boundary Waters Region, a wilderness of lakes and rivers carved into the bedrock by the movement of glaciers, and surrounded by thick green forests.
Along the south-eastern border with Wisconsin, the St Croix River and the Mississippi River now flow through mostly deep, rugged valleys, all carved (over the centuries) by the relentless movement of water. The most important river in Minnesota is Mississippi. It rises in north-western Minnesota and then flows south to the Gulf of Mexico, just below the city of New Orleans. It serves as a significant transportation artery and when combined with its major tributaries (the Missouri and Ohio rivers) it becomes the world’s third-largest river system, with a length of 2,339 miles (3,765 km). Other rivers of note include the Minnesota, Rainy, Red, and St. Croix. Altogether, there are about 6,564 natural rivers and countless streams in the state.
Minnesota is the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", some of them include Lake of the Woods (with over 14,000 counted islands), Red Lake (both upper and lower), Mille Lacs, and Lake Superior. The state’s lowest point is the surface of Lake Superior, at an elevation of 602ft.
The State of Minnesota is divided into 87 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chippewa, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Grant, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Jackson, Kanabec, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lac Qui Parle, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Lyon, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Murray, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Rock, Roseau, Saint Louis, Scott, Sherburne, Sibley, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Watonwan, Wilkin, Winona, Wright, and Yellow Medicine.
With an area of 225,163 sq. km, Minnesota is the 12th largest and the 22nd most populous state in the USA. Located in the southeastern part of the state, at the confluence of Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers is Saint Paul – the capital city of Minnesota. It serves as a major business center in the Upper Midwest region, and hosts the Xcel Energy Center – a multi-purpose arena and home of the Minnesota Wild. St. Paul city is also known for its high literacy levels and hosts the 2nd highest number of education facilities per capita in the United States. Situated on both the banks of the Mississippi River is Minneapolis – the largest and the most populous city in Minnesota. Minneapolis serves as the cultural and commercial center of the Midwest region. The cities of Saint Paul and Minneapolis together comprise the “Twin Cities Metropolitan Area”, which also functions as the chief administrative, business, industrial, education, cultural, and transportation center of the state.
The State of Minnesota is located in the North-Central (Midwest) region of the United States. Minnesota is bordered by the states of North Dakota and South Dakota in the west; by Iowa in the south and by Wisconsin and Lake Superior in the east. It is also bordered by the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario in the north.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Minnesota|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-MN|
|Capital City||Saint Paul|
Minneapolis-St. Paul (2,926,094)
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021