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Maps of Japan

Physical Map of Japan showing the four main islands, surrounding seas, relief, Mt. Fuji, major rivers, important cities, etc.

The archipelago of Japan contains over 4,000 islands stretching along the Pacific coast of East Asia, with four major islands (sometimes referred to as the "Home Islands"): Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku. These four islands can be seen on the physical map of the country above.

Honshu is the main island of Japan, and largest at 810 miles (1,300 km) in length. Dominated by mountains and volcanoes, the massive earthquake of March 2011 moved Honshu 7.9 ft (2.4 m).

The second largest, Hokkaido, is also the northernmost of Japan's islands; while on the other end, Kyushu is the most southwesterly. Shikoku is the smallest and least populous of the four main islands.

A long ridge of rugged mountains runs through the heart of Japan, punctuated by steep tree-lined slopes, and deep valleys on the Pacific Ocean side, and lower hills and mountains along the Sea of Japan side.

The main interior mountain ranges include the Akaishi, Hido and Kiso, where elevations typically exceed 9,800 ft. (3,000 m). The country's highest point, Mt. Fuji, southwest of Tokyo, is a dormant volcano that rises 12,388 ft. (3,776 m). Its position has been marked on the map.

The islands of Japan are located on the Ring of Fire, and as a result suffer from frequent, violent earthquakes and some serious volcanic activity. There are a total of 108 active volcanoes within Japan's archipelago, most of which provoke devastating earthquakes and tsunamis several times every century.

A small series of plains are situated along the coastal areas. A notable number of (very short) rivers flow briskly down the mountains into the coastal areas. The largest river in Japan is the Shinano.

Prefectures of Japan Map

Political Map of Japan displaying 47 prefectures and the national capital of Tokyo.

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures. In alphabetical order, these prefectures are – Aichi, Akita, Aomori, Chiba, Ehime, Fukui, Fukuoka, Fukushima, Gifu, Gunma, Hiroshima, Hokkaido, Hyogo, Ibaraki, Ishikawa, Iwate, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kanagawa, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Mie, Miyagi, Miyazaki, Nagano, Nagasaki, Nara, Nilgata, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka, Saga, Saitama, Shiga, Shimane, Shizuoka, Tochigi, Tokushima, Tokyo, Tottori, Toyama, Wakayama, Yamagata, Yamaguchi and Yamanashi.  These are further divided into sub prefectures and smaller subdivisions. 

Located at the northwest of Tokyo Bay on the Pacific coast of central Honshu Islands – is Tokyo, the capital and largest city of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the largest, most populous, urbanized metropolitan area in Japan as well as in the entire world. Tokyo also forms the largest economic, industrial and commercial center of Japan, apart from being the country’s administrative center. 

Where is Japan?

Map showing location of Japan in the world. arctic ocean pacific ocean indian ocean australia oceania tropic of capricorn tropic of cancer arctic circle equator africa europe black sea caspian aral sea red sea gulf of aden bay of bengal arabian sea middle east mediterranean sea asia

Japan is an East Asian country comprising a chain of islands between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, at the eastern coast off the Asian Korean Peninsula. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The Island Nation stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan in the west. The country shares its maritime borders with North Korea, South Korea, Philippines, Taiwan, Russia and China.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Japan

Blank Outline Map of Japan

The above map represents the main islands of Japan, an island country in East Asia. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or educational purpose like map-pointing activities.

Outline Map of Japan

The above map represents the four main islands of Japan, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa.

Key Facts

Legal Name Japan
Capital City Tokyo
35 41 N, 139 45 E
Total Area 377,915.00 km2
Land Area 364,485.00 km2
Water Area 13,430.00 km2
Population 126,264,931
Major Cities
  1. Tokyo (37,393,129)
  2. Kinki M.M.A. (Osaka) (19,165,340)
  3. Chukyo M.M.A. (Nagoya) (9,552,132)
  4. Kitakyushu-Fukuoka M.M.A. (5,528,632)
  5. Shizuoka-Hamamatsu M.M.A. (2,922,320)
  6. Sapporo (2,669,680)
  7. Sendai (2,327,417)
  8. Hiroshima (2,083,223)
  9. Niigata (804,298)
  10. Kumamoto (742,612)
Currency Yen (JPY)
GDP $5.08 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $40,246.88

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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