Covering an area of 380,800 sq. km, the State of Montana is located in the northwestern United States.
As observed on the map, the western-third of Montana is covered by over 50 individual ranges of the Rocky Mountains, with the most significant being the Big Belt, Bitterroots, and Lewis mountain ranges Located in the northwestern part of the state, the Glacier National Park – is considered to be the most rugged place in the continental 48 states, and is home to numerous (unclimbed) ice-covered peaks.
The Continental Divide is an imaginary line that indicates the absolute highest points of land, where on either side, some of the rivers will flow downhill or in east or west. This dividing line runs from northwestern Canada to the south along the crests of the Rocky Mountains of Montana, and then to the south into Mexico, where it follows the peaks of the Sierra Madre Occidental. Situated to the northeast of Yellowstone National Park is the Granite Peak – the state’s highest point, which rises to an elevation of 12,799ft (3,901m).
The Great Plains of North America slope east from the Rocky Mountains and cover the eastern part of Montana. The Great Plains consists of rolling hills, wide river valleys, and acres of prairie grassland covering the landscape.
The Gallatin, Jefferson, and Madison Rivers come together to form the headwaters of the Missouri River, as it rises in southern Montana and flows, in a winding path, covering a distance of over 2,500 miles. The Yellowstone River, beginning in southwestern Wyoming, flows across the state of Montana into the state of North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River. There are also several smaller rivers and streams, as well as alpine lakes, tundra, and glacier ice in the higher elevations of the northern mountains. Montana is the only U.S. state from where the river waters flow into the Pacific Ocean, the Hudson Bay, and the Gulf of Mexico. The state’s lowest point is located along the Kootenai River, at the south of the Canadian border, at an elevation of 1,800ft.
The State of Montana is divided into 56 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Beaverhead, Big Horn, Blaine, Broadwater, Carbon, Carter, Cascade, Chouteau, Custer, Daniels, Dawson, Deer Lodge, Fallon, Fergus, Flathead, Gallatin, Garfield, Glacier, Golden Valley, Granite, Hill, Jefferson, Judith Basin, Lake, Lewis and Clark, Liberty, Lincoln, Madison, McCone, Meagher, Mineral, Missoula, Musselshell, Park, Petroleum, Phillips, Pondera, Powder River, Powell, Prairie, Ravalli, Richland, Roosevelt, Rosebud, Sanders, Sheridan, Silver Bow, Stillwater, Sweet Grass, Teton, Toole, Treasure, Valley, Wheatland, Wibaux, and Yellowstone.
With an area of 380,800 sq. km, Montana is the 4th largest and the 8th least populous state in the USA. Located in the west-central part of the state, in the foothills of the Big Belt Mountains is Helena – the capital city of Montana. Due to its rich gold and silver deposits, the capital city has many mineral production and processing centers. Situated in the south-central part of the state is Billings – the largest city of Montana. It serves as the major financial, medical service, retail, and trading center of the state. It has been nicknamed the “Magic City” because of its rapid growth from an initial railroad town to one of the largest trading areas in the United States.
The State of Montana is located in the northwestern United States. The landlocked state of Montana is bordered by the states of Idaho in the west, and by Wyoming in the south. It is also bordered by the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan in the north.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Montana|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-MT|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021