Covering an area of 199,730 sq. km, the State of South Dakota is located in the north-central (Midwest) region of the United States.
As observed on the map, the Great Plains of North America slice across South Dakota, covering almost 75% of the state’s area. In the western part of the state, the high mountain ranges of the Black Hills, with elevations of 2,000-4,000ft, stretches across its border into Wyoming. Located in the southern Pennington County, in the Black Elk Wilderness Area is Black Elk Peak (Harney Peak) – the state’s highest point, which rises to an elevation of 7,244ft (2,208m). It is also the highest point in North America, which is situated to the east of the Rocky Mountains.
Directly east of the Black Hills, the landscape is dominated by a long series of unusually-shaped and brightly-colored steep flat-topped hills (buttes), domes, and rolling hills referred to as the “Badlands”.
Situated in the Keystone town in the Black Hills region is, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial hosting the colossal granite rock sculptures of four famous U.S. Presidents (George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln), that was carved into the southeastern face of Mount Rushmore.
In the far northeastern part of the state, the land fronting the Red River is flat; while in the south, the slightly-elevated small, rolling Prairie Hills are also crisscrossed by numerous small lakes, rivers, and streams. Stretching from north to south, the James River Valley (or basin) is mostly flat with scattered low hills and is South Dakota’s most productive farmland.
The state’s most important river is the Missouri River. It is the longest river in the United States flowing over 2,500 miles (4,023km). The Missouri River rises in southern Montana in the Rocky Mountains, first flowing in the north and then generally southeast across the center of the United States, draining into the Mississippi River, just to the north of St. Louis, Missouri.
Other significant rivers of the state include the Cheyenne, James, Moreau, Red, and White. The most significant lake is Lake Oahe, one of five major lakes created on the Missouri River by the U.S. government to eliminate the annual flooding of the river lowlands. The state’s lowest point is situated along the Minnesota border, in the Big Stone Lake, at an elevation of 966ft.
The State of South Dakota is divided into 66 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Aurora, Beadle, Bennett, Bon Homme, Brookings, Brown, Brule, Buffalo, Butte, Campbell, Charles Mix, Clark, Clay, Codington, Corson, Custer, Davison, Day, Deuel, Dewey, Douglas, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Grant, Gregory, Haakon, Hamlin, Hand, Hanson, Harding, Hughes, Hutchinson, Hyde, Jackson, Jerauld, Jones, Kingsbury, Lake, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McCook, McPherson, Meade, Mellette, Miner, Minnehaha, Moody, Pennington, Perkins, Potter, Roberts, Sanborn, Shannon, Spink, Stanley, Sully, Todd, Tripp, Turner, Union, Walworth, Yankton, and Ziebach.
With an area of 199,730 sq. km, South Dakota is the 17th largest and the 5th least populous state in the USA. Located in the central part of the state, on the eastern banks of the Missouri River is Pierre – the capital city of South Dakota. It is also the 2nd-least populated state capital in the United States. The city of Pierre also serves as a major trading hub in the region and its economy is supported by government services, agriculture, tourism, and recreational services. Situated in the extreme eastern part of the state is Sioux Falls – the largest city of South Dakota. The city’s diversified and robust economy is based on its healthcare, financial services, and retail trade industries.
The State of South Dakota is located in the north-central (Midwest) region of the United States. The landlocked state of South Dakota is bordered by the states of Wyoming in the west; by Montana in the northwest; by North Dakota in the north; by Minnesota in the east; by Iowa in the southeast and by Nebraska in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of South Dakota|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-SD|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021