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Kentucky Geography

The Cumberland (or Appalachian) Plateau dominates the eastern third of Kentucky. It's a heavily forested area of hills and mountains, and contains the state's highest point, Black Mt., at 4,139 ft.

The Bluegrass Region (north-central) is a series of rolling hills and meadows. It gets its colorful name from bluegrass, the common name for lawn and pasture grass in parts of the eastern United States.

Northwestern Kentucky is hilly land bordered by the Ohio River. It's often referred to as the Western Coal Field because of the large coal deposits in the area.

The southwestern corner of the state includes the swampy lowlands of the Mississippi River flood plain, and the lowest elevations in the state. This area, purchased from the Chickasaw Indians in 1818, is called the Jackson Purchase, and named for Andrew Jackson.

The Mammoth Cave area (central), is the world's longest cave system, with 365 miles explored to date.

The"Land Between the Lakes" recreational area, bordered by Lake Barkley and Kentucky Lake, is a hilly, forested area of some 170,000 acres.

The state's waterways are dominated by the massive Ohio River, forming its entire northern border, and by the Cumberland and Tennessee River systems, and their many spin-off lakes.

Other rivers of note include the Green, Licking, Kentucky and the Mississippi.

The Kentucky Bend. covers a land area of 17.5 sq miles. It was created due to the shift in course of the Mississippi River (it flowed backward) after the New Madrid Earthquakes in 1811 and 1812.

A closer look at the topography of Kentucky on this topographic map

Kentucky Photographs

Aerial View of Kentucky River in the Palisades of Bluegrass Region of Kentucky, USA

Aerial view of the Kentucky River...
by Adam Jones
Buy This at Allposters.com

Kentucky Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Columbia Adair 270
Scottsville Allen 270
Lawrenceburg Anderson 502
Wickliffe Ballard 270
Glasgow Barren 270
Owingsville Bath 606
Middlesboro Bell 606
Florence Boone 859
Paris Bourbon 859
Ashland Boyd 606
Danville Boyle 859
Brooksville Bracken 606
Jackson Breathitt 606
Hardinsburg Breckinridge 270
Shepherdsville Bullitt 502
Morgantown Butler 270
Princeton Caldwell 270
Murray Calloway 270
Newport Campbell 859
Bardwell Carlisle 270
Carrollton Carroll 502
Grayson Carter 606
Liberty Casey 606
Hopkinsville Christian 270
Winchester Clark 859
Manchester Clay 606
Albany Clinton 606
Marion Crittenden 270
Burkesville Cumberland 270
Owensboro Daviess 270
Brownsville Edmonson 270
Sandy Hook Elliott 606
Irvine Estill 606
Lexington Fayette 859
Flemingsburg Fleming 606
Prestonsburg Floyd 606
Frankfort Franklin 502
Fulton Fulton 270
Verona Gallatin 859
Lancaster Garrard 859
Dry Ridge Grant 859
Mayfield Graves 270
Leitchfield Grayson 270
Greensburg Green 270
Greenup Greenup 606
Hawesville Hancock 270
Elizabethtown Hardin 270
Harlan Harlan 606
Cynthiana Harrison 859
Munfordville Hart 270
Henderson Henderson 270
Eminence Henry 502
Clinton Hickman 270
Madisonville Hopkins 270
McKee Jackson 606
Louisville Jefferson 502
Nicholasville Jessamine 859
Paintsville Johnson 606
Fort Mitchell Kenton 859
Hindman Knott 606
Barbourville Knox 606
Hodgenville Larue 270
London Laurel 606
Louisa Lawrence 606
Beattyville Lee 606
Hyden Leslie 606
Whitesburg Letcher 606
Vanceburg Lewis 606
Stanford Lincoln 606
Ledbetter Livingston 270
Russellville Logan 270
Eddyville Lyon 270
Richmond Madison 859
Salyersville Magoffin 606
Lebanon Marion 270
Benton Marshall 270
Inez Martin 606
Maysville Mason 606
Paducah McCracken 270
Pine Knot McCreary 606
Calhoun McLean 270
Brandenburg Meade 270
Frenchburg Menifee 606
Harrodsburg Mercer 859
Edmonton Metcalfe 270
Tompkinsville Monroe 270
Mount Sterling Montgomery 859
West Liberty Morgan 606
Greenville Muhlenberg 270
Bardstown Nelson 502
Carlisle Nicholas 859
Beaver Dam Ohio 270
La Grange Oldham 502
Owenton Owen 502
Booneville Owsley 606
Falmouth Pendleton 859
Hazard Perry 606
Pikeville Pike 606
Stanton Powell 606
Somerset Pulaski 606
Mount Olivet Robertson 606
Mount Vernon Rockcastle 606
Morehead Rowan 606
Russell Springs Russell 270
Georgetown Scott 502
Shelbyville Shelby 502
Franklin Simpson 270
Taylorsville Spencer 502
Campbellsville Taylor 270
Elkton Todd 270
Cadiz Trigg 270
Bedford Trimble 502
Morganfield Union 270
Bowling Green Warren 270
Springfield Washington 859
Monticello Wayne 606
Providence Webster 270
Corbin Whitley 606
Campton Wolfe 606
Versailles Woodford 859

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.