Covering an area of 62,754.8 sq. km, the State of West Virginia is located in the South Atlantic Region of the United States.
As observed on the map, the majority of West Virginia is heavily forested land that is dominated by the Appalachian Mountain System which covers nearly two-thirds of the state’s area. The most significant range of West Virginia is the Allegheny Mountains, which extend from the southern part of the state into Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
The highest peaks in West Virginia are located within the Allegheny range, and many rise to 4,000 ft, or more. As marked by an upright yellow triangle, the state’s highest point is Spruce Knob – located in the eastern part of the state, which rises to an elevation of 4,863ft (1,482m).
The Allegheny Plateau covers the western two-thirds of West Virginia, stretching into the states of Ohio and Pennsylvania. Elevations across the plateau vary greatly, but about 300ft above sea level is a good average.
Hot water mineral springs are found throughout this mountainous state; among which the White Sulphur Springs is the most famous. The Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia are also laced with miles of limestone caves, among which Organ Cave is the largest. Organ Cave, situated in Greenbrier County also serves as a National Natural Landmark.
The most significant river of West Virginia is the Ohio River. Along with its tributaries (Big Sandy River and Tug Fork), it forms the state's south-western border. Other rivers of note include the Potomac and its North and South branches, Guyandotte, Kanawha, Little Kanawha, Cacapon, Cheat, Greenbrier, and the New River. Marked by an inverted yellow triangle is West Virginia’s lowest point, which is situated at the Potomac River (240ft), in Jefferson County along the state’s border with Virginia.
The State of West Virginia is divided into 55 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Barbour, Berkeley, Boone, Braxton, Brooke, Cabell, Calhoun, Clay, Doddridge, Fayette, Gilmer, Grant, Greenbrier, Hampshire, Hancock, Hardy, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Kanawha, Lewis, Lincoln, Logan, Marion, Marshall, Mason, McDowell, Mercer, Mineral, Mingo, Monongalia, Monroe, Morgan, Nicholas, Ohio, Pendleton, Pleasants, Pocahontas, Preston, Putnam, Raleigh, Randolph, Ritchie, Roane, Summers, Taylor, Tucker, Tyler, Upshur, Wayne, Webster, Wetzel, Wirt, Wood, and Wyoming.
With an area of 62,754.8 sq. km, West Virginia is the 41st largest and the 38th most populous state in the USA. Located in the south-central part of the state, at the confluence of Elk and Kanawha Rivers in the Allegheny Mountains is Charleston – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of West Virginia. It serves as an administrative, cultural, economic, and industrial center for the state.
The State of West Virginia is located in the South Atlantic Region of the United States. West Virginia is landlocked and shares its land borders with 5 states. It is bordered by Virginia in the southeast; by Kentucky in the southwest; by Ohio in the northwest; by Pennsylvania in the northeast and by Maryland in the east and northeast.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of West Virginia|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-WV|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021