Covering an area of 12,407 mi², the state of Maryland is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Maryland borders West Virginia in the west, Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Atlantic Ocean and Virginia in the south, and Pennsylvania in the north. The state has five primary regions: The Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain, Piedmont, the Appalachian Ridge and Valley, the Appalachian Plateau, and the Blue Ridge. These regions are in the southeast, northeast, north, northwest, and west of Piedmont, respectively.
Furthermore, the Chesapeake Bay is one of the largest estuarine systems in the world. It is located along the East Coast of the United States, extending from Virginia to Maryland. Hundreds of tributaries feed into this bay system, creating a wide variety of aquatic habitats that are home to many species of fish, crabs, oysters, shellfish, and other marine life.
Maryland hosts several major rivers, such as the Potomac, Susquehanna, and Patuxent. These rivers weave between Maryland’s collection of lakes, such as Loch Raven Reservoir, Deep Creek Lake, Liberty Lake, Prettyboy Reservoir, and Triadelphia Reservoir.
The Delmarva Peninsula is a triangular-shaped peninsula that sits between Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay on America's east coast. It's made up of parts from three states—Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia—and has been an important area for generations due to its natural resources like timber and seafood.
Located in western Maryland is the region known as the Piedmont Plateau, which consists primarily of rolling hills with elevations ranging from 300 feet above sea level up to 800 feet high at their highest points. This region is also home to two mountain ranges—the Allegheny Mountains in northern Maryland and Backbone Mountain, which runs along western Maryland's border with West Virginia and rises to an elevation of 3,360ft (1,024m). In comparison, the state’s lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean at 0ft.
The State of Maryland is divided into 24 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Calvert, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Montgomery, Prince Georges, Queen Annes, Saint Marys, Somerset, Talbot, Washington, Wicomico, and Worcester.
With an area of 32,133.2 sq. km, the State of Maryland is among the smallest states in the US in terms of both area and population density. Located in Anne Arundel County, along the Severn River, at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay is Annapolis – the capital city of Maryland. Situated in the north-central part of the state is Baltimore – the largest and the most populous city of Maryland. Baltimore also serves as a major seaport and the economic center of the state.
The State of Maryland is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Maryland is bordered by Pennsylvania in the north, by Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington D.C. in the west and south, and by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean in the east.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Maryland|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-MD|
This page was last updated on January 19, 2023