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Georgia Description

The Spanish arrived here in 1540, disrupting the quiet lifestyle of the Native American Indians. In only a few short years forts and missions were built along the coastal islands; all subsequently becoming easy targets for pirates that terrorized the area.

In the late 17th century the English and Spanish fought for control. The English (and their Indian allies) finally gaining the upper-hand, and by the 1720's there was talk (in England) of a new British colony, one to be named Georgia in honor of the king.


In 1732, England's King George II granted that charter, and this new colony would become the last of the original thirteen colonies established in America.

Led by General James Oglethorpe, the first colonists arrived in Georgia and founded Savannah in 1773. Just three years later Georgia and the other colonies rebelled against British rule. They signed the Declaration of Independence, and from north to south, revolutionary war swept across this upstart land.

English troops marched south and captured Savannah, and in short order they controlled most of Georgia. However, when General Cornwallis surrendered his British troops in 1781, the bloody land war for independence was over and Georgia would become the fourth state to ratify America's new Constitution.

With its resources and geographic position, Georgia quickly developed into a regional center of commerce. The population expanded and Indian controlled lands were all but gone by the 1820's.

eli whitneyEli Whitney's cotton gin invention propelled cotton production into one of Georgia's most significant industries. Riches gained from the endless toil of black slaves in cotton farming was a hot-button issue between North and South, and that thorny debate and other slave problems sparked a tragic civil war.

Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States in 1861, and shortly thereafter Georgia and other southern states withdrew from the Union and joined the Confederacy. America's Civil War played-out across the south; at war's end Georgia was devastated and Savannah was in ruins and Atlanta burned right to the ground.

Georgia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Baxley Appling 912
Pearson Atkinson 912
Alma Bacon 912
Newton Baker 912
Milledgeville Baldwin 478
Homer Banks 706
Winder Barrow 770
Cartersville Bartow 770
Fitzgerald Ben Hill 229
Nashville Berrien 229
Macon Bibb 478
Cochran Bleckley 478
Nahunta Brantley 912
Quitman Brooks 229
Richmond Hill Bryan 912
Statesboro Bulloch 912
Waynesboro Burke 706
Jackson Butts 770
Edison Calhoun 229
Saint Marys Camden 912
Metter Candler 912
Carrollton Carroll 770
Ringgold Catoosa 706
Folkston Charlton 912
Savannah Chatham 912
Fort Benning Chattahoochee 706
Summerville Chattooga 706
Woodstock Cherokee 770
Athens Clarke 706
Fort Gaines Clay 229
Jonesboro Clayton 770
Homerville Clinch 912
Marietta Cobb 770
Douglas Coffee 912
Moultrie Colquitt 229
Augusta Columbia 706
Adel Cook 229
Newnan Coweta 770
Roberta Crawford 478
Cordele Crisp 229
Trenton Dade 706
Dawsonville Dawson 706
Bainbridge Decatur 229
Decatur DeKalb 404
Atlanta DeKalb 404
Stone Mountain DeKalb 770
Eastman Dodge 478
Vienna Dooly 229
Albany Dougherty 229
Douglasville Douglas 770
Blakely Early 229
Statenville Echols 229
Rincon Effingham 912
Elberton Elbert 706
Swainsboro Emanuel 478
Claxton Evans 912
Blue Ridge Fannin 706
Fayetteville Fayette 770
Rome Floyd 706
Cumming Forsyth 770
Royston Franklin 706
Alpharetta Fulton 770
Roswell Fulton 770
Atlanta Fulton 404
Ellijay Gilmer 706
Gibson Glascock 706
Brunswick Glynn 912
Calhoun Gordon 706
Cairo Grady 229
Greensboro Greene 706
Duluth Gwinnett 770
Lawrenceville Gwinnett 770
Clarkesville Habersham 706
Gainesville Hall 770
Sparta Hancock 706
Bremen Haralson 770
Fortson Harris 706
Hartwell Hart 706
Franklin Heard 706
McDonough Henry 770
Warner Robins Houston 478
Ocilla Irwin 229
Jefferson Jackson 706
Monticello Jasper 706
Hazlehurst Jeff Davis 912
Louisville Jefferson 478
Millen Jenkins 478
Wrightsville Johnson 478
Gray Jones 478
Barnesville Lamar 770
Lakeland Lanier 229
Dublin Laurens 478
Leesburg Lee 229
Hinesville Liberty 912
Lincolnton Lincoln 706
Ludowici Long 912
Valdosta Lowndes 229
Dahlonega Lumpkin 706
Oglethorpe Macon 478
Danielsville Madison 706
Buena Vista Marion 229
Thomson McDuffie 706
Townsend McIntosh 912
Manchester Meriwether 706
Colquitt Miller 229
Pelham Mitchell 229
Forsyth Monroe 478
Mount Vernon Montgomery 912
Madison Morgan 706
Chatsworth Murray 706
Columbus Muscogee 706
Covington Newton 770
Watkinsville Oconee 706
Lexington Oglethorpe 706
Dallas Paulding 770
Fort Valley Peach 478
Jasper Pickens 706
Blackshear Pierce 912
Williamson Pike 770
Cedartown Polk 770
Hawkinsville Pulaski 478
Eatonton Putnam 706
Georgetown Quitman 229
Clayton Rabun 706
Cuthbert Randolph 229
Augusta Richmond 706
Conyers Rockdale 770
Ellaville Schley 229
Sylvania Screven 912
Donalsonville Seminole 229
Griffin Spalding 770
Toccoa Stephens 706
Lumpkin Stewart 229
Americus Sumter 229
Box Springs Talbot 706
Crawfordville Taliaferro 706
Glennville Tattnall 912
Butler Taylor 478
McRae Helena Telfair 229
Dawson Terrell 229
Thomasville Thomas 229
Tifton Tift 229
Vidalia Toombs 912
Hiawassee Towns 706
Soperton Treutlen 912
Lagrange Troup 706
Ashburn Turner 229
Jeffersonville Twiggs 478
Blairsville Union 706
Thomaston Upson 706
Rossville Walker 706
Loganville Walton 770
Waycross Ware 912
Warrenton Warren 706
Sandersville Washington 478
Jesup Wayne 912
Preston Webster 229
Alamo Wheeler 229
Cleveland White 706
Dalton Whitfield 706
Abbeville Wilcox 229
Washington Wilkes 706
Gordon Wilkinson 478
Sylvester Worth 229

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.