World Facts

The Landlocked Countries of Europe

17 countries in Europe are landlocked.

Europe is located on the northwestern edge of Eurasia, although Europe itself is often considered a separate continent. It has coastlines along several seas, including the Atlantic Ocean, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and the Caspian Sea. Europe is politically divided into 50 autonomous countries, as well as five which are under territorial dispute. Of these countries, 17 are landlocked. This article highlights the landlocked countries of Europe.

Slovakia

Slovakia is located in Central Europe, and shares borders with Hungary, Austria, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Ukraine. The country covers a total area of 18,933 square miles, has a population size of over 5.43 million individuals, and its capital is Bratislava. Most of Slovakia is covered by the Carpathian Mountains and forest habitats.

Hungary

Hungary is located in Central Europe, and shares borders with Slovakia, the Ukraine, Croatia, Romania, Austria, and Serbia. The country covers a total area of 35,920 square miles, has a population size of more than 9.79 million individuals, and its capital is Budapest. The Danube and Tisza rivers separate Hungary into the regions, all of which are inside of the Danube drainage basin.

Andorra

Andorra is located in the Pyrenees mountains, south of France and north of Catalonia. The country covers a total area of 180.55 square miles, giving it a microstate status, has a population size of 77,281 individuals, and its capital is Andorra la Vella. The landscape of Andorra is covered in rugged mountainous terrain, making it a popular ski destination in Europe.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg is located in the western region of Europe, where it shares borders with Germany, France, and Belgium. Its capital city is Luxembourg City, which is one of the official capitals of the European Union. The country covers a total area of 998.6 square miles and has a population size of over 590,000 individuals. Luxembourg is classified by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as the second richest country in the world, based on gross domestic product per capita.

Macedonia

The Republic of Macedonia is located in Southeastern Europe in the Balkan Peninsula, and shares borders with Serbia, Greece, Kosovo, Albania, and Bulgaria. The country covers a total area of 9,928, has a population size of approximately 2,073,702 individuals, and its capital is Skopje. The border regions of Macedonia are characterized by mountainous terrain. At its center, however, is the valley of the Vardar river. It is also home to one of the oldest lakes in the world: Lake Ohrid.

Vatican

The Vatican, also known as Vatican City, is an autonomous city-state located within the Italian city of Rome. This city-state covers a total area of just 0.17 square miles and has a population size of only about 1,000 individuals. Vatican City is the administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church and is home to the Pope, its highest authority. Given the Vatican's religious importance, it receives a large number of tourists every year.

Kosovo

Kosovo is located in Southeastern Europe in the Balkan Peninsula, and shares borders with Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania. Serbia does not recognize Kosovo as an independent entity and continues to claim the country as part of its territory. Kosovo covers a total area of 4,212 square miles and has a population size of over 1.9 million. Its geography is characterized by mountains and rivers.

Serbia

Serbia is located in Southeast Europe, on the edge with Central Europe, and shares borders with Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Hungary, Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since Serbia does not recognize Kosovo as an independent nation, its government also claims to share a border with Albania. The country covers a total area of 29,913 square miles, has a population of over 7 million (when Kosovo is not included), and its capital is Belgrade.

Armenia

Armenia is located in the southern Caucasus region and is sometimes considered part of western Asia. It shares borders with Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, the Republic of Artsakh, and Iran. The country covers an area of 11,484 square miles, has a total population size of 2,924,816 individuals, and its capital is Yerevan.

Belarus

Belarus is located in Eastern Europe, and shares borders with Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Latvia. The country covers a total area of 80,153 square miles, has a population size of over 9.49 million, and its capital is Minsk. Belarus is home to approximately 11,000 lakes and several rivers, including the Neman, which empties into the Baltic Sea.

Austria

Austria is located in Central Europe, and shares borders with Germany, Italy, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and Hungary. The country covers a total area of 32,386 square miles, has a population size of 8.79 million, and its capital is Vienna. Its landscape is primarily covered by the Alps mountains.

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is located in far Eastern Europe and is often considered a Central Asian country. Its capital city is Astana. The country covers a total area of 1,052,100 square miles, making it the largest landlocked country in the world, and it has an estimated population size of approximately 17.98 million.

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is located in Central Europe, where it shares borders with Switzerland and Austria. Since Austria is also a landlocked country, Liechtenstein can be categorized as a doubly landlocked nation. The country covers a total area of 62 square miles, giving it microstate status, its population size is approximately 37,340, and its capital is Vaduz.

San Marino

San Marino sits completely within the borders of Italy. The country covers a total area of 23.6 square miles, giving it the status of a microstate, has a population size of around 33,562 individuals, and its capital is the City of San Marino. San Marino's economy previously relied solely on stone extraction, but is now also supported by tourism and postal stamp sales.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe, and shares borders with Austria, Poland, Germany, and Slovakia. The country covers an area of 30,450 square miles, has a population size of just over 10.6 million, and its capital is Prague. The Czech Republic is covered in mountains, river valleys, hills, and rivers.

Moldova

Moldova is located in Eastern Europe, and shares borders with the Ukraine and Romania. The country has a total area size of 13,068 square miles, has a population size of nearly 3 million, and its capital is Chisinau. Several rivers run through the landscape of Moldova, which is characterized by rolling terrain and a lack of extreme altitudes.

Switzerland

Switzerland is located in Central Europe, and shares borders with Germany, Austria, France, Liechtenstein, and Italy. Its acting capital is the city of Berne. The country covers a total area of 15,940 square miles and has a population size of around 8.4 million. Switzerland is covered by the Alps mountains and is home to at least 48 mountain peaks with a height of more than 13,000 feet above sea level.

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