In 2018, Europe had a total population of about 742 million according to the United Nations. The transcontinental countries of Europe had a total of about 240 million of which nearly half lived in Europe. Europe accounts for about 12% of the global population and according to demographic trends, this figure is likely to decrease to about 7% by the year 2050. Here, we have enlisted the 10 most populated countries of Europe.
10. Romania19 million
Romania is the tenth most populated country in Europe. The population of the country is 19,580,634 About 89.4% of the country’s population are ethnic Romanians. The Romanian population has a negative growth rate of -0.29%, as of 2014. The life expectancy at birth is 75 years and the total fertility rate is 1.58 children born per woman. The birth rate is at 9.27 births per 1,000 people.
9. Poland38 million
Poland houses a population of 38,104,832, as of 2017, making it the ninth most populated country in Europe. The population density in the country is 123 people per square km. 61.5% of the nation’s population lives in urban areas. The growth rate is quite low at 0.08%. The average life expectancy at birth is 75.85 years. Poland is one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in the world with 96.7% of the population being of Polish ethnic origin.
8. Ukraine44 million
The total population of Ukraine is 44,009,214 which makes it the eighth most populated country in Europe. As of 2016, the total fertility rate is 1.47 children per woman and the life expectancy at birth is 71.68 years. The birth rate in the country is 10.3 births per 1000 of the population. 77.8% of the Ukrainian population is of ethnic Ukrainian origin. Russians constitute the second biggest ethnic group in the country, accounting for 17.3% of the total population.
7. Spain46 million
Spain has a population of about 46,397,452. It is the seventh most populated country in Europe. The population density of the country is, however, lower than that of most Western European countries at 91 persons per square km. The population distribution across the nation is also unequal with the metropolitan area of Madrid and the coastal areas being the most heavily populated areas in the country. Native Spaniards account for 88% of the population of Spain. The total fertility rate in Spain is 1.47 children born per woman (2010). Life expectancy at birth is 82.4 years.
6. Italy59 million
The population of Italy is 59,290,969 which makes it the sixth most populated country in Europe. The population density of the country is 201 persons per square km with the population being unevenly distributed throughout the country. The Po Valley and the metropolitan areas of Rome and Naples are most densely populated areas in the country. The mountainous Alpine and Apennine region and the island of Sardinia are, however, sparsely populated. The total fertility rate in Italy is 1.39 children born per woman (2014). The population growth rate is quite low at 0.03% (2016). As of 2013, the birth rate is 8.94 births per 1,000 of the population.
5. France65 million
France is Europe’s fourth most populated country with a population of 65,233,271. It is one of the fastest growing countries in the continent with a growth rate of 1 million people every 3 years. The country has always been one of the most populated European nations and during the Middle Ages, Europe’s one-quarter of the population was French. France also received a large number of immigrants from other European nations and also from Africa. The total fertility rate of metropolitan France is 2.00 children born per woman (2010). Ethnic French people account for 89.4% of the country’s population.
4. United Kingdom66 million
The UK has a population of 66,573,504. It is Europe’s fifth most populated country and has a population density of 259 individuals per square km. The population density is highest in England, especially in the southeast of England where nearly one-third of the population resides. As of 2015, the crude birth rate in the UK is 11.9 per 1,000 population and the total fertility rate is 1.80 children born per woman.
3. Turkey81 million
Turkey, a transcontinental country, hosts a population of 81,916,871. It is the third most populous country in Europe. The population of Turkey is relatively young, growing at a rate of 1.35% per annum. The country has a birth rate of 16.9 births per 1,000 of the population and a total fertility rate of 2.14 children per woman. As of 2014, the life expectancy is 78 years. 70 to 75% of the country's population consists of ethnic Turks. Kurds are the country's second largest ethnic group.
2. Germany82 million
Germany is the second most populated country in Europe with a population of 82,293,457. The total fertility rate in the country was estimated at 1.6 births per woman. According to the UN Population Fund, Germany hosts the world’s second highest number of migrants from foreign countries. Over 16 million people in the country are of foreign descent or immigrants. Ethnic Germans form the majority of the population while the Turkish community is the biggest non-German ethnic group in the country. As of 2015, the life expectancy is 81 years and the birth rate is 9.0 births per 1000 of the population.
1. Russia143 million
As of 2017, the population of Russia is 143,964,709 which makes it the most populated country in Europe. Around 77% of the country’s population lives in European Russia and the rest in the Asian part of the country. Ethnic Russian constitute 81% of the population while the significant minorities with a population of over 1 million include the Tatars, Ukrainians, Chechens, Chuvash, Bashkir, and Armenians. Russia has a population density of 8.4 people per square km with the population being more concentrated in the European part of the nation. 74% of the population of Russia is urban. The fertility rate of the Russian population is 1.78 (2015) and the life expectancy is 72.5 years (2017).