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Brazil Geography

Brazil's Information

Flag of Brazil
Land Area 8,358,140 km2
Water Area 157,630 km2
Total Area 8,515,770km2 (#5)
Population 205,823,665 (#5)
Population Density 24.63/km2
Government Type Federal Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $3,080.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,800
Currency Real (BRL)
More Information Brazil
Largest Cities
Brazil is divided into five primary geographic areas: the northern Guiana Highlands; Brazilian Highlands (or plateau) central and east; the massive Amazon River Basin; Pantanal wetland areas of the southwest, and the Southern Highlands - to the west and south of Curitiba.


The Brazilian Highlands are covered by low mountain ranges and forested river valleys. From Rio de Janeiro - north to Fortaleza, a series of higher mountain ranges form a natural barrier between the Atlantic Ocean and the country's interior.

The Pantanal is the world's largest freshwater wetland, a seasonally flooded plain fed by the tributaries of many rivers. For size comparison, it's almost 10 times the size of the Florida Everglades.

The Amazon is the world's largest tropical rain forest. It's drained by the huge Amazon River, and more than 200 of its tributaries - with more than a dozen of those tributaries being on (The Longest Rivers of the World) list. The Sao Francisco is the longest river completely within Brazil's borders.

The Guiana Highlands, a relatively flat-topped mountainous area covered by rain forest, stretches across much of northern South America. It's home to many of the planet's most spectacular waterfalls, and Brazil's highest point.

This page was last updated on September 29, 2015.

Brazil Trivia

What is the Most Dangerous State in Brazil?

With a homicide rate of 64.6 per 100,000 as of 2012, the state of Alagoas in Northeastern Brazil has the highest murder rate in the country.

The Most Dangerous States In Brazil

Where are the Iguazu Falls?

Iguazu Falls is located in the Misiones Province in the Northeastern tip of Argentina, and borders the Brazilian state of Parana to the north. This semicircular waterfall is 1.7 miles (2.7 kilometers) in diameter with a height of 87.5 yards (80 meters), and is made up of 275 individual falls.

Where are the Iguazu Falls?

What Kind of Reptiles Live in Brazil?

Some of the reptiles that live in Brazil include the Loggerhead sea turtle, the Brazilian galliwasp, and the Lutz tree iguana.

The Amazing Reptiles Of Brazil

Where is the Purus River?

The Purus River runs 1,995 miles through the South American nations of Brazil and Peru.

Where is the Purus River?

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