Argentina is a country located in the southern part of South America. Covering an area of 2,780,400 sq.km (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the world's 8th largest country, the 2nd largest country in South America, and the 4th largest country in the Americas. The geography of Argentina include 5 major regions, starting with the rainforest area of the far-northeast along its border with Brazil; the swampy and flat Chaco plain; the fertile (almost treeless) grasslands of the Central Pampas; the lengthy plateau of Patagonia that stretches to Tierra del Fuego; and the Andes Mountains along its western border with Chile.
As observed on the physical map of Argentina above, the Pampas, one of the largest fertile plains in the world, covers almost one-third of Argentina's land area.
Bordered by mountains and the Atlantic Ocean, the legendary landscape of Patagonia displays huge forests, sizeable mountains, valleys, and many cold-water lakes. The Andes Mountains in Argentina contain advancing glaciers including the Perito Moreno glacier, as well as "Cerro Aconcagua" - at 22,831ft (6,959m) is the tallest mountain in South America and in the Southern and Western hemispheres [as marked on the map as a yellow upright triangle]. The lowest point in Argentina as well as the Southern and Western hemispheres is Laguna del Carbon at -344ft (-105m), below the sea level. An inverted yellow triangle marks this extreme point on the physical map.
Argentina is also home to impressive Iguazu Falls, and over 250 additional waterfalls of size. Major rivers include the Colorado, Negro, Paraguay, Parana, Salado and Uruguay. The Uruguay and Parana flow together before meeting the Atlantic Ocean forming the basin of the Rio de la Plata.
Argentina (officially, the Argentine Republic) is administratively divided into 23 provinces (provincias, sing. provincia) and 1 autonomous city. In alphabetical order, the provinces are: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (Tierra del Fuego - Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands) and Tucuman. Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires is an autonomous city of Argentina. These provinces are further subdivided into 378 departments and municipalities. The Buenos Aires province is subdivided into 135 partidos; while the autonomous city of Buenos Aires is subdivided into 15 communes.
Covering an area of 2,780,400 sq. km, Argentina is the 8th largest country in the world and the 2nd largest country in South America. It is also the 4th largest country in America and the largest Spanish-speaking country. Located along the western shore of Rio de La Plata estuary, on the southeastern shore of South America is, Buenos Aires - the national capital, the largest and the most populous city of Argentina. It is also the 4th largest city in the Western hemisphere and one of the most important ports in Latin America. Buenos Aires is the administrative, cultural, technological, industrial and commercial center of Argentina.
Argentina is a large country occupying the southern part of South America. It is positioned in the Western and Southern hemispheres of the Earth. Argentina shares it's borders with 5 countries: with Chile and the Andes Mountain Range to the west; with Bolivia to the northwest; with Paraguay to the north; with Brazil to the northeast and with Uruguay to the east. It is also bounded by the South Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Drake Passage to the south.
Regional Maps: Map of South America
|Legal Name||Argentine Republic|
|Capital City||Buenos Aires|
|34 36 S, 58 22 W|
|Independence||9 July 1816 (from Spain)|
|Total Area||2,780,400.00 km2|
|Land Area||2,736,690.00 km2|
|Water Area||43,710.00 km2|
|Total Border||11,968.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Bolivia 942 km, Brazil 1263 km, Chile 6691 km, Paraguay 2531 km, Uruguay 541 km|
|Climate||Mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest|
|Coordinates||34 00 S, 64 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||595 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-105 m|
|Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz)|
|Highest Elevation||6,962 m|
|Cerro Aconcagua (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America)|
|Ethnic Groups||European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African 0.4% (2010 est.)|
|Languages||Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)|
|Religions||nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%|
|Currency||Argentine pesos (ARS)|
|GDP Per Capita||$10,006.15|
|Exports||Soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat|
This page was last updated on November 10, 2020