Covering an area of 163,820 sq.km (63,252 sq mi), Suriname is one of the smallest sovereign nations, located on the northern edge of South America. Suriname can be divided into two main geographic regions; the coastal lowlands of the north and the tropical rainforests and savanna of the west and south.
As observed on the physical map of Suriname above, a few small mountain ranges disect the fertile land with the De Hann and Van Asch Van Wijck being the most significant ones. The country's highest point is Julianatop, at an elevation of 4,035ft (1,230m). The lowest point is an unnamed location along the coastal plain at -6.5ft (-2m) below the sea level.
Suriname is home to the WJ van Bloomenstein Lake (marked on the map above in the eastern part of the country), one of the largest reservoir lakes on the planet; created by a river dam, it provides hydro power for many of the country's industries.
About 14% of Suriname is allocated to a series of National Parks (NP) and Nature Reserves (NR). Suriname is a land of rivers, and the major ones include the Coppename, Corantyne, Gran, Lucie, Marowijne, Nickerie and Saramacca.
Suriname (officially, the Republic of Suriname) is divided into 10 administrative districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt).In alphabetical order, these districts are:Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini and Wanica. These districts are further subdivided into 63 resorts.
Covering an area of 163,820 sq. km, Suriname is one of the smallest sovereign nations in South America. Situated in the northern part of the country, on the banks of the Suriname River, at the Atlantic coast is, Paramaribo - the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Suriname. It is also the country's chief port and the administrative, industrial, cultural and tourism center of Suriname.
Suriname is a small country located on the northern edge of South America. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by Brazil to the south; by French Guiana to the east; by Guyana to the west and by the North Atlantic Ocean to the north.
Regional Maps: Map of South America
|Legal Name||Republic of Suriname|
|5 50 N, 55 10 W|
|Independence||25 November 1975 (from the Netherlands)|
|Total Area||163,820.00 km2|
|Land Area||156,000.00 km2|
|Water Area||7,820.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,907.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Brazil 515 km, French Guiana 556 km, Guyana 836 km|
|Climate||Tropical; moderated by trade winds|
|Coordinates||4 00 N, 56 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||246 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-2 m|
|unnamed location in the coastal plain|
|Highest Elevation||1,230 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 27.4%, "Maroon" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 21.7%, Creole (mixed white and black) 15.7%, Javanese 13.7%, mixed 13.4%, other 7.6%, unspecified 0.6% (2012 est.)|
|Languages||Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is the native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese|
|Religions||Protestant 23.6% (includes Evangelical 11.2%, Moravian 11.2%, Reformed .7%, Lutheran .5%), Hindu 22.3%, Roman Catholic 21.6%, Muslim 13.8%, other Christian 3.2%, Winti 1.8%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 1.7%, none 7.5%, unspecified 3.2% (2012 est.)|
|Currency||Surinamese dollars (SRD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$6,854.91|
|Exports||Alumina, gold, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas|
This page was last updated on November 10, 2020