Covering an area of 1,141,748 sq. km, Colombia is a country located in the northwestern part of South America.
As observed on the map, the Colombian Andes dominates the landscape in the western part of the country. The Colombian Andes is further divided into three branches: The Cordillera Central (Central Range), Cordillera Oriental (Eastern Range), and Cordillera Occidental (Western Range). To the east of the Andes mountain ranges lies the savannas; while the Amazon rainforest is situated in the far south-eastern part of the country. Located in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range in the extreme northern part of the country is, the Pico Cristobal Colon - the highest peak in Colombia, which rises to an elevation of 18,950ft. It is closely followed by the Pico Simon Bolivar, at an elevation of 18,497ft. The major rivers of the country are the Amazon, the Caquetá, Meta, Guaviare, Magdalena, Atrato, Putumayo rivers. The country’s lowest point is the Pacific Ocean (0ft).
Colombia (officially, Republic of Colombia) is divided into 32 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital district (distrito capital). In alphabetical order, these departments are: Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bolivar, Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca, Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindio, Risaralda, Archipielago de San Andres, Providencia y Santa Catalina (colloquially San Andres y Providencia), Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes, and Vichada. Bogota is the capital district.
These departments are subdivided into a total of 1,122 municipalities. The municipalities are further subdivided into comunas in the urban area and into corregimientos in the rural areas.
Covering an area of 1,141,748 sq. km, Colombia is one of the world’s most linguistically and ethnically diverse countries. Situated in the central part of the country and placed on a high plateau in the northern Andes Mountains is Bogotá – the capital and the largest city of Colombia. It serves as the administrative, political, economic, and industrial center of Colombia. Located at 8,530ft (2,600m) above sea level, Bogotá is one of the highest capitals in the world.
Colombia (officially, Republic of Colombia) is a country located in the northwestern part of South America. It is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. The Equator passes through the southern edge of the country; therefore, Colombia also partially lies in the Southern hemisphere. Colombia is bordered by Panama to the northwest; by Ecuador and Peru to the south; by Venezuela to the east, and by Brazil to the southeast. It is also bounded by the Caribbean Sea in the north and by the Pacific Ocean in the west. Colombia shares its maritime borders with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic.
Regional Maps: Map of South America
|Legal Name||Republic of Colombia|
|4 36 N, 74 05 W|
|Total Area||1,138,910.00 km2|
|Land Area||1,038,700.00 km2|
|Water Area||100,210.00 km2|
|Currency||Colombian pesos (COP)|
|GDP Per Capita||$6,432.39|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021