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New York

New York Geography

New York is dominated by mountains, all part of the Appalachian Mountain system that extends on into Vermont, New Hampshire and southern Canada.


Much of southwestern New York is covered by the lower ranges of the Allegheny Plateau, while the Adirondack and Catskill mountains cover the eastern third of the state.

The massive Adirondack Mountains are New York's major landform. In this heavily forested area the highest point is located, Mt. Marcy at 5,344 ft.

New York has many significant lakes including the Finger Lakes chain; Lake Champlain forming its natural border with Vermont, and Lake George and Oneida Lake.

The state has almost 300 miles of combined frontage along the Great Lakes of Erie and Ontario. In addition, the Saint Lawrence River (seaway), forms part of the natural border with Canada.

Niagara Falls is a series of waterfalls located on the border between the United States and Canada. The system includes three separate waterfalls: the Horseshoe Falls (or Canadian Falls), the American Falls, and the smaller, adjacent Bridal Veil Falls.

The Hudson, Genesee and Mohawk are the most significant in-state rivers. The Delaware River forms part of its southern border with Pennsylvania.

The man-made Landforms of America

  • Landforms of North America
  • Rivers of North America
  • New York Photographs

    Early Fall Stream, Catskills

    A small stream in the Catskills...
    by Vincent James
    Buy This at Allposters.com

    New York Cities, Counties & Area Codes

    City County Area Code
    Albany Albany 518
    Wellsville Allegany 585
    Bronx Bronx 718
    Binghamton Broome 607
    Olean Cattaraugus 716
    Auburn Cayuga 315
    Jamestown Chautauqua 716
    Elmira Chemung 607
    Norwich Chenango 607
    Plattsburgh Clinton 518
    Hudson Columbia 518
    Cortland Cortland 607
    Walton Delaware 607
    Poughkeepsie Dutchess 845
    Buffalo Erie 716
    Lake Placid Essex 518
    Malone Franklin 518
    Gloversville Fulton 518
    Batavia Genesee 585
    Catskill Greene 518
    Indian Lake Hamilton 518
    Ilion Herkimer 315
    Watertown Jefferson 315
    Brooklyn Kings 718
    Lowville Lewis 315
    Dansville Livingston 585
    Oneida Madison 315
    Rochester Monroe 585
    Amsterdam Montgomery 518
    Valley Stream Nassau 516
    New York City New York 212
    Niagara Falls Niagara 716
    Utica Oneida 315
    Syracuse Onondaga 315
    Canandaigua Ontario 585
    Middletown Orange 845
    Albion Orleans 585
    Oswego Oswego 315
    Oneonta Otsego 607
    Mahopac Putnam 845
    Ridgewood Queens 718
    Elmhurst Queens 718
    Flushing Queens 718
    Jamaica Queens 718
    Corona Queens 718
    Astoria Queens 718
    Troy Rensselaer 518
    Staten Island Richmond 718
    Spring Valley Rockland 845
    Potsdam Saint Lawrence 315
    Clifton Park Saratoga 518
    Schenectady Schenectady 518
    Cobleskill Schoharie 518
    Watkins Glen Schuyler 607
    Seneca Falls Seneca 315
    Corning Steuben 607
    Huntington Station Suffolk 631
    Monticello Sullivan 845
    Owego Tioga 607
    Ithaca Tompkins 607
    Kingston Ulster 845
    Queensbury Warren 518
    Hudson Falls Washington 518
    Newark Wayne 315
    Yonkers Westchester 914
    Attica Wyoming 585
    Penn Yan Yates 315
    This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.