Connecticut, a small state in the northeastern United States, is bordered by Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Long Island Sound. It spans 5,567 square miles and is home to 3.6 million people. Connecticut's landscape includes rolling hills and flat plains typical of inland areas in the region. Beaches are numerous on Connecticut's coast where the state borders the Atlantic Ocean.
The terrain of Connecticut varies significantly throughout the state. However, the eastern parts consist mainly of lowlands and hilly uplands that cover most of the state's area. The terrain here generally has gentle slopes with some steeper slopes near river valleys; predominantly forested hills are found in this area too. In contrast, the western portion contains several ridges and mountains, including Talcott Mountain and Ragged Mountain, with elevations reaching 1,000 feet above sea level.
The climate of Connecticut is a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters with extreme precipitation throughout the year. Average summer temperatures vary from 70°F-80°F while winter temperatures dip below freezing from December to February. Snowfall typically occurs from late November to early April, with significant accumulations between December through March in some parts of the state.
In terms of water resources, Connecticut has several significant rivers, including the Thames River, Connecticut River, and Housatonic River, which all have substantial water volume compared to other rivers in New England; it also has dozens of smaller streams that support both natural habitats as well as local fishing industries along their banks. These waterways help create an ecosystem suitable for many species native to Connecticut, such as brook trout, red-tailed hawks, beavers, and white-tailed deer.
Various types of soils occupy different parts of Connecticut, including loams which make up most of the coastal plain soil type, while sandy loams occupy much higher elevations in northern reaches like Talcott Mountain State Park region; silt loam covers much of Litchfield County while heavy clay creates areas near Riverside Park near Hartford County's eastern border.
The State of Connecticut is divided into 8 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tolland, and Windham.
With an area of 14,357 sq. km, Connecticut is the 3rd smallest, 29th most populous, and the 4th most densely populated state in the USA. Located in the north-central part of the state, on the banks of the Connecticut River is Hartford – the capital and the 4th largest city of Connecticut. It serves as a major port, industrial, financial and commercial center of the state. Due to the presence of numerous insurance company headquarters in Hartford, it is often referred to as the “Insurance Capital of the World”. Situated in the southwestern part of the state, in the Fairfield County is Bridgeport - the largest and the most populous city of Connecticut. Currently, St. Vincent’s Medical Center and the Bridgeport Hospital are the largest employers in Bridgeport.
The State of Connecticut is located in the north-eastern (New England) region of the United States. Connecticut is bordered by the state of Massachusetts in the north; by Rhode Island in the east; by New York in the west and by Long Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Connecticut|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-CT|
This page was last updated on February 6, 2023