Covering an area of 77,933 sq. km, Scotland is 2nd largest country in the United Kingdom. Scotland also occupies approximately one-third of the northern part of Great Britain Island.
Geological excavations have revealed that Scotland was once covered by glaciers during the Pleistocene Ice Age and hence glaciation has highly affected the rocky landscape of Scotland. As observed on the map, there are three topographic areas in Scotland. These are the Highlands and Islands in the north and west; the Central Lowlands and the Southern Uplands.
The Northern Highlands are quite mountainous and contain many lofty peaks. The Highlands are bisected by the Glen Mor valley that is situated in the north-central part of Scotland. Located in the southeastern part of Glen Mor are the Grampian Mountains that feature Mount Ben Nevis, which rises to an elevation of 1,343m and is the highest point in Scotland. There are more than 790 islands in Scotland. The major island groups include the Inner and Outer Hebrides, Orkney, and Shetland.
The Central Highlands is a valley that is formed by ancient volcanic eruptions and is a comparatively flat area that is punctuated by hills. The Southern Uplands is a hilly area in the southern part of the country that features several broad, green valleys and is fronted by the Cheviot Hills on the country’s boundary with England. There are several inland freshwater bodies in Scotland including Loch Lomond and Loch Ness. The Clyde and Tweed are the two significant rivers in Scotland. The country’s lowest point is located along the North Sea Coastline (0m).
Scotland is administratively divided into 32 council areas. In alphabetical order, these council areas are Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dumfries and Galloway, Dundee City, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Lothian, East Renfrewshire, City of Edinburgh, Falkirk, Fife, Glasgow City, Highland, Inverclyde, Midlothian, Moray, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Perth and Kinross, Renfrewshire, Scottish Borders, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, Stirling, West Dunbartonshire, West Lothian, Nah-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles), Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands.
Covering an area of 77,933 sq. km, Scotland is 2nd largest country in the United Kingdom. Located in the southeastern part of the country, on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth estuary is Edinburgh - the capital and the 2nd most populous city of Scotland. It also serves as the United Kingdom’s 2nd largest financial center. Located in the West Central Lowlands region of the country on the shores of the River Clyde is Glasgow – the largest and the most populous city of Scotland. It also serves as an industrial and trading center as well as one of Scotland’s largest seaports.
Scotland is a country located in the northern region of the United Kingdom. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Scotland is bordered by England in the southeast; the Atlantic Ocean and the Sea of the Hebrides in the north and west; by the North Sea in the northeast and by the Irish Sea in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of Europe
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This page was last updated on May 13, 2021