Covering an area of 119,283 sq.km, the State of Pennsylvania is located in the Middle Atlantic region of the United States.
As observed on the map, Pennsylvania is almost totally covered by mountains as well as a series of rolling hills, plateaus, and ridges that are punctuated by valleys. About 50% of the state’s land area is covered by forests and the only lowlands (Atlantic Coastal Plains) are situated in the extreme southeastern corner of the state.
The Appalachian Mountains slice through the center of Pennsylvania. The Allegheny and Pocono Mountains form the state's most significant subranges. Situated in the southern part of the state, on a ridge of the Allegheny and Appalachian Mountains is Mount Davis – the state’s highest point, which rises to an elevation of 3,213ft (979m). The Blue Mountain located to the east of the Pocono Mountain comprises of a 150-mile-long ridge, which forms a part of the eastern edge of the Appalachian Mountain range.
Pennsylvania is home to more deep and useful rivers than any other U.S. State. The significant rivers include Delaware, Ohio, Potomac, Pine Creek, Allegheny, Beaver, Monongahela, and Susquehanna River. Situated in north-central Pennsylvania is the Pine Creek Gorge – a 76km long gorge carved into the Allegheny Plateau by the Pine Creek river.
The Delaware Water Gap, on the border of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, was formed as the Delaware River carved a deep path through a ridge of the Appalachian Mountains on its way to the sea. The state’s lowest point is situated at Lake Erie (0ft).
The State of Pennsylvania is divided into 67 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Adams, Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, Cameron, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Clarion, Clearfield, Clinton, Columbia, Crawford, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Elk, Erie, Fayette, Forest, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean, Mercer, Mifflin, Monroe, Montgomery, Montour, Northampton, Northumberland, Perry, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Snyder, Somerset, Sullivan, Susquehanna, Tioga, Union, Venango, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland, Wyoming, and York.
With an area of 119,283 sq. km, Pennsylvania is the 33rd largest and the 5th most populous state in the USA. Located on the eastern banks of the Susquehanna River at the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains is Harrisburg – the capital and the 13th largest city in Pennsylvania. Government services, industrial development, transportation hub, and manufacture of electrical devices have contributed to the economic growth of the capital city. Situated in the southeastern part of the state, at the confluence of Schuylkill and Delaware Rivers is Philadelphia – the largest and the most populous city in Pennsylvania. It serves as the chief cultural and economic hub in the Delaware Valley. Philadelphia is also the principal industrial, transportation, educational, and economic center of the state. The city is also a major tourist destination and a home to many firsts in the US.
The State of Pennsylvania is located in the Middle Atlantic region of the United States. Pennsylvania is bordered by the state of New York in the north; by Delaware in the southeast; by Maryland in the south; by West Virginia in the southwest; by Ohio in the west and by New Jersey and Delaware River in the east. It is also bordered by Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario in the northwest.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Pennsylvania|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-PA|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021