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Latvia Geography

Map of Latvia
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Flag of Latvia

Latvia's Quick Facts

Land Area 62,249 km2
Water Area 2,340 km2
Total Area 64,589 km2
Population 1,965,686
Population Density 30.43 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $50.65 Billion
GDP Per Capita $25,700
Currency Lat (LVL)
Largest Cities
  • Riga (742,572)
  • Daugavpils (111,564)
  • Vec-Liepaja (85,260)
  • Liepaja (85,132)
  • Jelgava (61,791)
  • Jurmala (54,088)
  • Ventspils (42,644)
  • Rezekne (38,340)
  • Jekabpils (27,078)
  • Valmiera (26,963)

Latvia is generally a very flat country of low-lying plains, largely covered by forest. There are some low hils in the west and far southeast.

A few high hills are found to the east of Riga, with the highest point being the Gaizinkalns at 311.6 m (1,022 ft).

Small lakes and swamps dot the countryside. Important rivers include the Daugava, Gauja, Lielupe, Venta and Salaca.

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