Language: Italian (official), German (parts of
Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French
(small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene
(Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Largest Cities: (by population) Rome, Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Bari, Catania
Name: The term Italia is from the Oscan language Víteliú, meaning "land of young cattle."
National Day: June 2, Republic Day
Note: This is the anniversary of the 'Founding of the Republic.' in 1946.
Religion: Roman Catholic 90%
(approximately; about one-third practicing), other 10% (includes mature
Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant