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Iceland Geography

Iceland's Information

Flag of Iceland
Land Area 100,250 km2
Water Area 2,750 km2
Total Area 103,000km2 (#106)
Population 335,878 (#177)
Population Density 3.35/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $16.15 Billion
GDP Per Capita $48,100
Currency Krona (ISK)
Largest Cities

Iceland is largely an arctic desert punctuated by mountains, glaciers, geysers, hot springs, volcanoes and waterfalls.

Most of the vegetation and agricultural areas are in the lowlands close to the coastline.

Iceland's most distinctive features are the glaciers that cover over 4,600 sq. mi (11,922 sq. km) or 11. 5% of the total area of the country. During the past few decades, however, they've markedly thinned and retreated owing to a milder climate.

By far the largest of the glaciers is the Vatnajokull in southeast Iceland, with an area of 3,240 sq. mi (8,400 sq. km). The Vatnajokull glacier is equal in size to all the glaciers on the European mainland put together, and reaches a thickness of 3000 ft. (1 km).

The highest point in Iceland is Hvannadalshnukur, a peak on the edge of the Öræfajökull Volcano, which rises 6,922 feet (2,110 m).

And speaking of Volcanoes, on March 21, 2010, the Eyjafjallajökull Volcano in southern Iceland erupted for the first time since 1821, forcing 600 people to flee their homes. Further eruptions in April forced hundreds of people to abandon their homes. And in fact, the resultant cloud of volcanic ash brought major disruption to air travel across Europe.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Iceland Trivia

How has Iceland managed to test so many people for COVID-19?

The National University Hospital of Iceland and deCODE Genetics have developed a test program to curb the spread of the virus. Iceland's small population and the fact that even asymptomatic cases are tested has helped the country keep COVID-19 under control.

How Has Iceland Managed To Test So Many People For COVID-19?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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