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France History Timeline

Map of France
Locator Map of France

France's Information

Flag of France
Land Area 640,427 km2
Water Area 3,374 km2
Total Area 643,801 km2
Population 66,836,154
Population Density 103.81 / km2
Government Type Semi-Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $2,700.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $42,400
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
  • Paris (2,138,551)
  • Marseille (794,811)
  • Lyon (472,317)
  • Toulouse (433,055)
  • Nice (338,620)
  • Nantes (277,269)
  • Strasbourg (274,845)
  • Montpellier (248,252)
  • Bordeaux (231,844)
  • Lille (228,328)

6000 BC - 52 BC

  • (6500 BC) Neolithic period; farming began
  • (3000 BC) Bronze Age; walled citadels built
  • (1200 BC) Celts colonized by the Gauls
  • (58-52 BC) Gallo Roman civilization began when Julius Caesar conquered Gaul
100 AD - 900 AD
  • (177) Execution of first Christian martyrs
  • (275) First Barbarian raids
  • (360) Lutetia changed name to Paris
  • (406) Frank and Germanic tribes settled
  • (476) End of the Western Roman Empire
  • (600) Territory named France following the colonization of the Franks
  • (732) Battle of Poiters; Arab invasion
  • (768) Charlemagne rebuilt Roman Empire
  • (800) Charlamagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • (987) Hughs Capet began the Capetian Dynasty
1000s - 1300s
  • (1066) Normans were victors over England
  • (1096) First Crusade
  • (1180-1223) Reign of Philip Augustus
  • (1226) Louis IX crowned King
  • (1270) Louis IX died
  • (1285) Philip the Fair crowned
  • (1297) Louis IX became Saint Louis
  • (1305) Papacy established in Avignon
  • (1346) Battle of Crecy
  • (1348-52) The Black Plague
  • (1356) French defeated at Battle of Poities
1400s - 1500s
  • (1415) Battle of Agin Court
  • (1419) Charles VI of France declared Henry V of England his heir
  • (1429) Charles VII crowned King
  • (1431) Joan of Arc burned at the stake
  • (1453) End of 100 Years War
  • (1477) Duke of Burgundy's final defeat
  • (1494) France and Austria began the Italian wars
  • (1515) Reign of Francois I began
  • (1519) Leonardo da Vinci died
  • (1539) French became the official language
  • (1559) Cateau-Cambresis Treaty ended Italian wars
  • (1562) Catholics and Protestants religous wars
  • (1589) Henry IV was first Bourbon King of France
  • (1593) Henry IV turned Catholic; religious wars ended
1600s - 1800s
  • (1610-1715) Reign of Louis XIII followed by absolute monarchy of Louis XIV
  • (1720) Last outbreak of plague in France
  • (1756-63) Seven Years War; France lost all colonial possessions and Canada
  • (1778-83) France assisted the 13 colonies in the American War of Independence
  • (1789) French Revolution ended rule of monarchy
  • (1792) Louis XVI overthrown, First Republic created
  • (1804) Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
  • (1815) Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo; monarchy reestablished
  • (1830) The French Revolution (or July Revolution) middle class revolt, King Charles X forced out.
  • (1832) Cholera epidemics
  • (1848) Founding of Second Republic
  • (1851) Coup d'etat instigated by Louis Napoleon
  • (1852) Louis Napoleon III crowned Emperor
  • (1870-71) Alsace-Lorraine regions lost to Germany; Napoleon III overthrown
  • (1875) Third Republic began
  • (1889) Eiffel tower built
1900s
  • (1905) Church and State began operating separately
  • (1914-18) World War I raged; massive casualties in northeast France
  • (1919) Peace Treaty of Versailles, France regained Alsace-Lorraine, Germany agreed to reparations
  • (1929-39) The Great Depression
  • (1939-45) World War II; much of France was occupied by Germany. Allied forces landed at Normandy; France and much of Europe was liberated
  • (1946-58) Fourth Republic formed; the European Reconstruction period
  • (1954) Algerian War of Independence began
  • (1956) French colonial rule ended in North Africa
  • (1958) President de Gaulle began Fifth Republic
  • (1962) End of Algerian war
  • (1968) Massive student revolts; national strike
  • (1969) Georges Pompidou elected President
  • (1969) Charles de Gaulle died
  • (1974) Giscard d'Estaing elected President of the Republic
  • (1981) Socialist Candidate Francois Mitterrand became President of the French Republic
  • (1986) Jacques Chirac appointed Prime Minister
  • (1988) Francois Mitterand re-elected President of the Republic
  • (1991) Edith Cresson became first woman Prime Minister
  • (1992) The French ratified Maastricht Treaty; the European Union (or EU) formed, the euro was created
  • (1995) Jacques Chirac elected President of the Republic; Alain Juppe the Prime Minister; France conducted nuclear tests in Pacific Ocean
  • (1997) Lionel Jospin named Prime Minister. Amsterdam Treaty signed. Britain's Princess Diana died in automobile accident in tunnel along Seine River
2000s
  • (2002) Euro officially replaced French Franc; Jacques Chirac re-elected
  • (2002) November strike paralyzed country
  • (2003) Severe heat wave; record high temperatures with over 11,000 dead, mostly the elderly
  • (2005) Immigrant population staged violent urban riots across the country
  • (2006) France finished second in FIFA World Cup
  • (2007) Nicholas Sarkozy won presidential election
  • (2009) French warship, Nivose, captured pirates off coast of Kenya
  • (2010) Former Panamanian dictator, Manuel Noriega, extradited to France.
  • (2010) French unions staged strikes and demonstrations to protest government's pension plan reforms; over 1.2 million people involved
  • (2011) Face veil ban came into force

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