1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. Madagascar

Madagascar

Physical Map of Madagascar

Physical Map of Madagascar displaying state boundaries, relief, highest point, important cities, and major rivers.
Print Map

Located off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean, Madagascar is the second-largest island country in the world. It covers an area of t 592,800 sq. kilometers.

The country can be divided into three parallel longitudinal physiographic regions. The coastal strip in the east, the central plateau, and the western regions of low plateaus and plains.

A steep, narrow escarpment runs along Madagascar's eastern coast, and the island's remaining tropical rainforest is located here. Along the west coast of the island swamps of mangroves give way to deep bays.Moving inland, the central highlands are punctuated by grassy, deforested hills bordering rice-growing valleys.

At the north end of the island, the Tsaratanana Massif region is home to Madagascar's highest point, Maromokotro at 2,876 m. The point has been marked on the map with an upright yellow triangle. In the centre, the Ankaratra Massif (marked on the map) is a major volcanic mass with the highest peak at 2,643 m.

Major rivers of Madagascar include the Mananara, Mangoro Sambirano, Mahajamba, Betsiboka, Mania, north and south Mahavavy, Mangoky, Onilahy, and the Ikopa; lakes unclude: Alaotra, Lake Kinkony and Lake Ihotry.

Madagascar's lowest point is the Indian Ocean at 0 m.

Provinces of Madagascar Map

Political Map of Kenya displaying 47 counties including the national capital of Nairobi.
Print Map

Madagascar is divided into 6 provinces (faritany). In alphabetical order these are: Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, and Toliara. Antananarivo is the capital of the country. 

Where is Madagascar?

Where is Madagascar?
Print Map

Madagascar is an island country of Africa. It is located around 400 km off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean with the nearest mainland African country being Mozambique. It is located in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. The island country of Mauritius and Réunion (territory of France), lie to the east of Madagascar. To the northwest are the French territory of Mayotte and the island country of Comoros. 

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Madagascar

Blank Outline Map of Madagascar

The blank outline map represents the islands country of Madagascar. The map can be downloaded for free, printed, and used for education purpose or coloring.

Print Map
Outline Map of Madagascar

The outline map represents the world's second largest island country of Madagascar.

Print Map

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Madagascar
Capital City Antananarivo
18 55 S, 47 31 E
Independence 26 June 1960 (from France)

Geography

Total Area 587,041 km2
Land Area 581,540 km2
Water Area 5,501 km2
Total Border 0 km
Coastline 4,828 km
Climate Tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Coordinates 20 00 S, 47 00 E
Mean Elevation 615 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Indian Ocean
Highest Elevation 2,876 m
Maromokotro

Demographics

Population 26,969,307
Ethnic Groups Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Languages French (official), Malagasy (official), English
Religions Christian, indigenous, Muslim

Economy

Currency Malagasy ariary (MGA)
GDP $14.08 Billion
GDP Per Capita $522.22
Exports Coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products, gems, ilmenite, cobalt, nickel

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

Latest by WorldAtlas