Covering a land area of 16,638 sq. km, the State of Hawaii (Hawaiian archipelago) is located in the Pacific Ocean to the southwest of the contiguous United States. It is the world’s largest island chain, comprising of 137 volcanic islands and the only U.S. state to be completely made up of islands. There are 8 main Hawaiian Islands, out of which only 7 islands (Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, Kauai, and Niihau) are permanently inhabited.
As observed on the map, the lush, green islands of Hawaii are the visible tops of a chain of submerged volcanic mountains that stretch 3,100 miles from Hawaii, all the way to the Aleutian Trench in the North Pacific Ocean. Besides these large 8 islands, the others are mostly atolls - inactive stumps of volcanic rock, that are encircled by coral reefs.
Ironically in this tropical paradise the summits of the sporadically active volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea on the Big Island (Hawaii), are frequently snow-capped. Kilauea is the youngest volcano in the Volcanoes National Park, which still erupts occasionally, spewing lava and creating new land. Other volcanoes of note include Maui's Haleakala, Oahu’s Diamond Head, and Mt. Waialeale on the island of Kauai. Mt. Waialeale is widely referred to as the (rainiest spot) on the planet, with over 450 inches of rain each year.
Rugged sea cliffs fringe the outer edges of many of the islands, with the Na pali Coast of Kauai, southeastern edges of Maui, and the north shore of Molokai the most dramatic. The state’s highest point is the dormant volcanic mountain - Mauna Kea. Located on the Hawaii island, it rises to an elevation of 13,796ft (4,205m).
Waimea Canyon on Kauai is one of the island's most dramatic landforms, and across the larger island’s fertile mountain valleys, volcanic craters, deep canyons, and waterfalls are also commonplace. There are no sizeable navigated rivers in Hawaii, however, the Anahulu on Oahu, the Wailua on Kauai, and the Wailuku on the Big Island are the most significant small rivers. Hundreds of narrow streams flow down from the volcanic summits, either to the sea or into the fertile valleys below. The state’s lowest point is the Pacific Ocean (0ft).
The State of Hawaii is divided into 5 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Hawaii County, Honolulu, Kalawao, Kauai, and Maui.
With an area of 16,638 sq. km, Hawaii is the 8th smallest and the 11th least populous state in the USA. Located on the southeastern coast of Oahu Island is Honolulu – the capital and the largest city of Hawaii. It hosts the headquarters of several large Hawaiian companies and is also the state’s principal port, financial and economic hub. Honolulu has been classified as a “Modern City” by international standards with its skyline being dotted with numerous skyscrapers.
The State of Hawaii (Hawaiian archipelago) is located in the Pacific Ocean to the southwest of the contiguous United States. Hawaii is located in the North Pacific Ocean, just a few degrees south of the Tropic of Cancer, approximately 2,392 miles west of San Francisco; 2,550 miles southwest of Los Angeles; 3,900 miles southeast of Tokyo, and 4,536 miles northeast of Australia.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Hawaii|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-HI|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021