Covering an area of 269,837 sq. km, the State of Colorado is located in the west-central region (or Mountain State area) of the United States.
As observed on the map, the state has diverse geography ranging from the alpine mountains, high plains, deserts, and river valleys. Located at the heart of the Rocky Mountains, the average (mean) elevation in Colorado (6,811 ft.), which is the highest of any U.S. State. Within the state, over 54 peaks reach or exceed 14,000 ft. and over 550 peaks exceed 4,000m elevation. Significant mountain ranges (or chains) include the Front, Park, Sangre de Cristo, San Juan, and Sawatch. Located in the Sawatch Mountain Range the state’s highest point is Mount Elbert – which rises to an elevation of 14,440ft (4,401.2m). It is also the highest point of the Rocky Mountains of North America.
The Great Plains of North America slope east from the Rocky Mountains, extending south from Canada and covering the eastern parts of Colorado.
Many rivers originate in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, including a handful of some of the most significant rivers in America; they include the Colorado River, Yampa, White, Platte, Arkansas, and the Rio Grande rivers. Colorado’s lowest point is located in the far southeastern part of the state, along the banks of the Arkansas River, at an elevation of 3,350ft.
The Continental Divide (an imaginary line) indicates the absolute highest points of land, where on either side, some rivers will flow downhill, either to the east or west. This divide runs from northwestern Canada to the south along the crests of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, then to the south into Mexico, where it follows the peaks of the Sierra Madre Occidental. As can be seen in the map, the Colorado River flows to the west, while the Arkansas River flows to the east.
In the western part of the state, the Colorado Plateau covers the land. It is a region of high plateaus and deep, rugged canyons, formed over hundreds of centuries by the meandering waters of the Colorado River, and numerous smaller rivers.
Situated in the extreme southwestern corner of the state, is the Four Corners Monument - the only quadripoint in the United States, and the meeting point of the states of Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico.
The State of Colorado is divided into 64 counties. In alphabetical order, these counties are: Adams, Alamosa, Arapahoe, Archuleta, Baca, Bent, Boulder, Broomfield, Chaffee, Cheyenne, Clear Creek, Conejos, Costilla, Crowley, Custer, Delta, Denver, Dolores, Douglas, Eagle, El Paso, Elbert, Fremont, Garfield, Gilpin, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jackson, Jefferson, Kiowa, Kit Carson, La Plata, Lake, Larimer, Las Animas, Lincoln, Logan, Mesa, Mineral, Moffat, Montezuma, Montrose, Morgan, Otero, Ouray, Park, Phillips, Pitkin, Prowers, Pueblo, Rio Blanco, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, San Miguel, Sedgwick, Summit, Teller, Washington, Weld, and Yuma.
With an area of 269,837 sq. km, Colorado is the 8th largest and the 21st most populous state in the USA. Located in the South Platte River Valley, Denver is the capital, the largest, and the most populous city in Colorado. Since the elevation of Denver is exactly one mile above sea level, it has been nicknamed the “Mile High City”.
Denver serves as an industrial, cultural, commercial, manufacturing, and transportation hub of the state. The city hosts many mining and energy companies, due to its location near the mineral-rich Rocky Mountains. The capital city is known for beer brewing and it also functions as an important business hub for several large companies that are active in the central United States.
The State of Colorado is located in the west-central region (or Mountain State area) of the United States. The landlocked state is bordered by the states of Utah in the west, by Wyoming in the north, by Nebraska in the northeast, by Kansas in the east, by Oklahoma in the southeast, by New Mexico in the south and by Arizona in the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Colorado|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-CO|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021