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Oman

Physical Map of Oman

Physical Map of Oman showing state boundaries, relief, highest point, important cities, Musandam Peninsula, islands, etc.
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Oman occupies an area of 309,500 sq. km in the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. 

As observed on the physical map of Oman, the northernmost part of Oman, the Musandam Peninsula, is separated from the rest of the country by a strip of land belonging to the United Arab Emirates. The peninsula is comprised mostly of low hills and mountains. 

In the rest of the country, a narrow and fertile coastal plain fronts the Gulf of Oman in the north; from there the land rises into the rugged Hajar Mountains. Oman's highest point is Jabal Akhdar which reaches 9,776 ft. (2,980 m) and is marked on the map by a yellow triangle, is located in this mountain region.

Central and southeast, a few scrubby hills and low mountains dot the central desert landscape and coastal areas. 

As observed on the map, to the west, the pebbly, desert-like land slopes gently into the sands of the Rub' Al Khali Desert. 

There are no perennial rivers or lakes of note. The Gulf of Oman has the lowest point in the country at 0 m.

The country also has several islands some of which like the Masirah Island, Al Halaaniyaat Islands have been marked on the map above.

Oman Political Map (pre-2011 when the country had 9 governorates).
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Oman (officially, The Sultanate of Oman) is divided into 11 administrative governorates (muhafazah). In alphabetical order, these governorates are: Ad Dakhiliyah, Ad Dhahirah, Al Batinah North, Al Batinah South, Al Buraymi, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah North, Ash Sharqiyah South, Dhofar, Muscat and Musandam. These governorates are further subdivided into a total of 59 provinces (wilayat). 

Located along the Gulf of Oman, in the northeastern part of the country, Muscat is the capital and largest city of Oman. It is also the country’s political, economic and administrative center. Strategically located on the Arabian Sea, Salalah is the second-largest city of Oman. The Port of Salalah is the largest port in Oman as well as the biggest seaport in the Arabian Peninsula. 

Where is Oman?

Where is Oman?
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Oman is a sovereign country located in the Arabian Peninsula of Western Asia in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Oman shares a north western border with United Arab Emirates (UAE); a western border with Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Oman also shares coastline borders with the Arabian Sea in the south and east along with the Gulf of Oman in the northeast. Oman is strategically situated at the mouth of the Persian Gulf in the south eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The country shares its maritime borders with Pakistan and Iran. 

Oman Bordering Countries: Yemen, Saudi Arabia, The United Arab Emirates.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Oman

Blank Outline Map of Oman

The blank outline map represents Oman, a country in the Arabian Peninsula of Western Asia. The map can be dowloaded, printed, and used for coloring or map-pointing activities.

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Outline Map of Oman

The above map represents Oman, a country in the Arabian Peninsula of Western Asia.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Sultanate of Oman
Capital City Muscat
23 37 N, 58 35 E
Independence 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)

Geography

Total Area 309,500 km2
Land Area 309,500 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Border 1,561 km
Coastline 2,092 km
Bordering Countries Saudi Arabia 658 km, UAE 609 km, Yemen 294 km
Climate Dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (may to september) in far south
Coordinates 21 00 N, 57 00 E
Mean Elevation 310 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Arabian Sea
Highest Elevation 3,004 m
Jabal Shams

Demographics

Population 4,974,986
Ethnic Groups Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
Languages Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Swahili, Urdu, Indian dialects
Religions Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <0.1%, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2% (2010 est.)

Economy

Currency Omani rials (OMR)
GDP $76.98 Billion
GDP Per Capita $15,474.03
Exports Petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles

This page was last updated on September 16, 2020

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