With an area of 2,150,000 sq. km, Saudi Arabia is the largest sovereign country of Arabia. It occupies nearly 80% of the area of the Arabian Peninsula and has extensive coastlines on the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
Saudi Arabia is, for the most part, an uninhabited desert land. As observed on the physical map above, two main desert regions dominate the landscape of the country. These are the Rub' Al Khali Desert, the larges mass of sand in the world, and the An-Nafud Desert - where sand dunes often exceed 100 ft. in height.
The land (desert) rises into hills and mountains in the west and southwest, along the edges of the Red Sea. Mountain ranges include the Hejaz in the northwest, and the Azir in the southwest.
Saudi Arabia's highest point is Jabal Sawda' which peaks at 10,279 ft. (3,133 m). It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle.
There are no perennial lakes or rivers but numerous wadis. The lowest point in the country is at 0 m or 0 ft in the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.
Saudi Arabia (officially, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) is divided into 13 administrative provinces or emirates. In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Al Baha, Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Aseer, Eastern province, Ha’il province, Jazan, Makkah, Najran, Northern Border province, Qassim, Riyadh and Tabuk. These provinces are divided into 118 governorates which are further subdivided into sub-governorates.
Riyadh is the capital and largest city and is located in the center of an-Nafud desert, on the eastern region of the Najid Plateau. With a population of 7.6 million, it is the most populous city in Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia is a sovereign Western Asian Nation, occupying the central region of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Saudi Arabia is bordered by 8 nations: Jordan in the Northwest, Iraq in the North and Northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and United Arab Emirates in the east, Oman in the Southeast and Yemen in the South. The Persian Gulf is in the northeast and Red Sea to the West of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia is often referred to as “The Land of the Two Holy Mosques” for Mecca and Medina – the two holy pilgrimages of the religion of Islam.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Kingdom of Saudi Arabia|
|24 39 N, 46 42 E|
|Independence||23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)|
|Total Area||2,149,690 km2|
|Land Area||2,149,690 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||4,272 km|
|Bordering Countries||Iraq 811 km, Jordan 731 km, Kuwait 221 km, Oman 658 km, Qatar 87 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1307 km|
|Climate||Harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes|
|Coordinates||25 00 N, 45 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||665 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||3,133 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%|
|Religions||Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)|
|Currency||Saudi riyals (SAR)|
|GDP Per Capita||$23,139.80|
|Exports||Petroleum and petroleum products 90% (2012 est.)|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020