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Maps of Saudi Arabia

Physical Map of Saudi Arabia showing state boundaries, relief, major islands, important cities, and more.

With an area of 2,150,000 sq. km, Saudi Arabia is the largest sovereign country of Arabia. It occupies nearly 80% of the area of the Arabian Peninsula and has extensive coastlines on the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. 

Saudi Arabia is, for the most part, an uninhabited desert land. As observed on the physical map above, two main desert regions dominate the landscape of the country. These are the Rub' Al Khali Desert, the larges mass of sand in the world, and the An-Nafud Desert - where sand dunes often exceed 100 ft. in height.

The land (desert) rises into hills and mountains in the west and southwest, along the edges of the Red Sea. Mountain ranges include the Hejaz in the northwest, and the Azir in the southwest.

Saudi Arabia's highest point is Jabal Sawda' which peaks at 10,279 ft. (3,133 m). It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle.

There are no perennial lakes or rivers but numerous wadis. The lowest point in the country is at 0 m or 0 ft in the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.

Emirates of Saudi Arabia Map

Political Map of Saudi Arabia showing the 13 emirates, their capitals including the national capital of Riyadh.

Saudi Arabia (officially, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) is divided into 13 administrative provinces or emirates. In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Al Baha, Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Aseer, Eastern  province, Ha’il province, Jazan, Makkah, Najran, Northern Border province, Qassim, Riyadh and Tabuk. These provinces are divided into 118 governorates which are further subdivided into sub-governorates. 

Riyadh is the capital and largest city and is located in the center of an-Nafud desert, on the eastern region of the Najid Plateau. With a population of 7.6 million, it is the most populous city in Saudi Arabia. 

Where is Saudi Arabia?

Where is Saudi Arabia?

Saudi Arabia is a sovereign Western Asian Nation, occupying the central region of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Saudi Arabia is bordered by 8 nations: Jordan in the Northwest, Iraq in the North and Northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and United Arab Emirates in the east, Oman in the Southeast and Yemen in the South. The Persian Gulf is in the northeast and Red Sea to the West of Saudi Arabia. 

Saudi Arabia is often referred to as “The Land of the Two Holy Mosques” for Mecca and Medina – the two holy pilgrimages of the religion of Islam. 

Saudi Arabia Bordering Countries: Yemen, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, The United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Saudi Arabia

Outline Map of Saudi Arabia

The outline map above represents the country of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or educational purpose.

Outline Map of Saudi Arabia

The above map represents the Middle East nation of Saudi Arabia. It occupies a large part of the Arabian Peninsula. 

Key Facts

Legal Name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Capital City Riyadh
24 39 N, 46 42 E
Independence 23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)


Total Area 2,149,690 km2
Land Area 2,149,690 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Border 4,272 km
Coastline 2,640 km
Bordering Countries Iraq 811 km, Jordan 731 km, Kuwait 221 km, Oman 658 km, Qatar 87 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1307 km
Climate Harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
Coordinates 25 00 N, 45 00 E
Mean Elevation 665 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Persian Gulf
Highest Elevation 3,133 m
Jabal Sawda'


Population 34,268,528
Major Cities
  1. Ar-Riyadh (Riyadh) (7,231,447)
  2. Jiddah (4,610,176)
  3. Makkah (Mecca) (2,042,106)
  4. Al-Madinah (Medina) (1,488,782)
  5. Ad-Dammam (1,252,523)
  6. Hufuf-Mubarraz (836,727)
  7. Taif (688,693)
  8. Buraydah (668,775)
  9. Tabuk (657,277)
  10. Jubayl (605,743)
Ethnic Groups Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Languages Arabic (official)
Religions Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)


Currency Saudi riyals (SAR)
GDP $792.97 Billion
GDP Per Capita $23,139.80
Exports Petroleum and petroleum products 90% (2012 est.)

This page was last updated on October 8, 2020

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