Yemen is a sovereign nation with an area of 527,970 sq. km. Mainland Yemen lies in the Arabian Peninsula of Asia. The country has an extensive coastline of around 2,000 km and over 200 islands. As observed on the physical map of Yemen above, the Socotra Islands are also a part of the country.
Yemen has some of the most fertile lands in the entire Middle East, and yet, for the most part, they're not developed to their full potential. Along its Red Sea coast, there's a flat sandy plain that extends the length of the country. The Gulf of Aden coastline is covered by a narrow, rocky, and relatively flat plain, fronted by hills that rise into the rugged mountains, central and west.
To the north of those central mountains, the high desert slopes down through fertile plains into the interior of southern Saudi Arabia, and the endless sands of the Rub' Al Khali Desert - the famous "Empty Quarter."
Marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle, Yemen's highest point is Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb at 3,760 m.
There are no perennial lakes and rivers, however, in the northern highlands, some river valleys (wadis) and small streams exist (fall and winter) but fade away quickly in the summer heat.
Yemen (officially the Republic of Yemen) is divided into two main administrative divisions. They are known as Governorates (Arabic: muhafazat, singular – muhafazah) and Districts (Arabic: muderiah). Governorates constitute the highest administrative division in Yemen. There are 22 governorates including the capital city - Amanat al Άsmiah (Sanaa City) and Arkhabil Suqutra (Socotra Archipelago).
In alphabetical order, the 22 governorates are – Άdan (Aden), Άmran, Abyan, Ad Dali´, Al Bayda, Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al Mahrah, Al Mahwit, Amanat al Άsmiah (Sanaa City), Arkhabil Suqutra (Socotra Archipelago), Dhamar, Hadramawt, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahij, Ma´rib, Raymah, Sa´dah, San´a (Sanaa), Shabwah, and Ta´izz.
The 22 governorates are further subdivided into 333 districts and smaller subdivisions including 2,210 sub-districts and 38,284 villages.
Sana´a is the largest city in Yemen and the capital of the country.
Yemen is an arid country situated in the Middle-East region at the south-western corner of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Yemen is bordered by two countries. Saudi Arabia bounds it to the north and Oman to the east. Yemen has a coastline on the Red Sea to the west. The Gulf of Aden, the Arabian Sea, and Guardafui Channel bound it to the south. Yemen is strategically located at the entrance of the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait. The strait links the Indian Ocean to the Red Sea via the Gulf of Aden.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Republic of Yemen|
|15 21 N, 44 12 E|
|Independence||22 May 1990 (Republic of Yemen was established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]); notable earlier dates: North Yemen became independent on 1 November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and became a republic with the overthrow of the theocratic Imamate on 27 September 1962; South Yemen became independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||527,968 km2|
|Land Area||527,968 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||1,601 km|
|Bordering Countries||Oman 294 km, Saudi Arabia 1307 km|
|Climate||Mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east|
|Coordinates||15 00 N, 48 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||999 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||3,666 m|
|Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb|
|Ethnic Groups||predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asian, European|
|Religions||Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Yemeni rials (YER)|
|GDP Per Capita||$968.16|
|Exports||Crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020