Iran is a sovereign nation occupying an area of 1,648,195 sq. km in Western Asia.
Iran is a very rugged country of plateaus and mountains with most of the land being above 1,500 feet (460 m). The mountain ranges surround the high interior basin of the country. Of note are the Elburz Mountains in the north, and the Zagros Mountains along Iran's western borders as observed on the physical map of Iran above. Iran's highest point, Mt. Damavand reaches 18,934 ft (5,771m). It has been marked on the map by a yellow triangle and is part of the Elburz Mountain chain.
The central and eastern portion is covered by the Plateau of Iran. Marked on the map, the Dasht-e Kavir is sandstone and salty desert plateau, which in the heat of summer is one of the hottest places on the planet.
The coastal areas outside the mountain rings have some of the lowest elevations in the country.
The most significant river is the Karun, in the southwestern corner of the country. Lake Urmia (in the far-northwest) is the country's largest body of water.
Iran (officially, Islamic Republic of Iran) is divided into 31 administrative provinces (ostanha, sing. ostan). In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Alborz, Ardabil, Azarbayjan – e Gharbi (West Azerbaijan), Azarbayjan –e Sharqi (East Azerbaijan), Bushehr, Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari, Esfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamadan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khorasan-e Jonubi (South Khorasan), Khorasan-e Razavi (Razavi Khorasan), Khorasan-e Shomali (North Khorasan), Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh va Bowyer Ahmad, Kordestan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Semnan, Sistan va Baluchestan, Tehran, Yard and Zanjan.
With an area of 1,648,195 sq. km, Iran is the 2nd largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest country in the world. Tehran is the capital and the largest city of Iran. It is also the most populous city in Western Asia as well as the country’s leading cultural and economic center.
Iran is a mountainous country in Western Asia. Iran is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Iran is bordered by Armenia and Azerbaijan in the northwest; Turkmenistan in the northeast; Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east; Iraq and Turkey in the west. Iran is bounded by the Caspian Sea in the north, and by the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Islamic Republic of Iran|
|35 42 N, 51 25 E|
|Independence||1 April 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed); notable earlier dates: ca. 550 B.C. (Achaemenid (Persian) Empire established); A.D. 1501 (Iran reunified under the Safavid Dynasty); 1794 (beginning of Qajar Dynasty); 12 December 1925 (modern Iran established under the PAHLAVI Dynasty)|
|Total Area||1,648,195 km2|
|Land Area||1,531,595 km2|
|Water Area||116,600 km2|
|Total Border||5,894 km|
|Bordering Countries||Afghanistan 921 km, Armenia 44 km, Azerbaijan 689 km, Iraq 1599 km, Pakistan 959 km, Turkey 534 km, Turkmenistan 1148 km|
|Climate||Mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along caspian coast|
|Coordinates||32 00 N, 53 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,305 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-28 m|
|Highest Elevation||5,625 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes|
|Languages||Persian Farsi (official), Azeri and other Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic|
|Religions||Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)|
|Currency||Iranian rials (IRR)|
|GDP Per Capita||$5,520.31|
|Exports||Petroleum 60%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets, cement, ore|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020