Myanmar or Burma occupies an area of 676,578 sq. km in the northwesternmost part of mainland Southeast Asia.
The elevation of the country gradually rises from the sea level at the river deltas of the Irrawaddy and Sittang river systems to Mount Kkakabo in the north.
The country can be roughly divided into 5 physiographic regions. The mountains in the north as already mentioned above. There are also the eastern plateau, coastal plains, western mountains, and central lowlands and basin.
The most dominant feature of the country is the Irrawaddy River system, the surrounding valleys and the river's massive delta in the south. The course of the Irrawaddy Rive can be observed on the map above.
In the far south, the Mergui Archipelago contains over 800 islands, most of them completely uninhabited.
The land rises gently into the Shan Plateau in the east, where the average elevation is near 3,200 ft. (1,000 m).
In the far north, the land rises sharply into a southern branch of the Himalayan mountain system. Marked on the physical map above by a yellow triangle, is the country's highest point, the Hkakabo Razi at 19,296 feet (5,881 m). The mountain ranges of the north mostly run in the north-south direction.
Myanmar (officially, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar) is divided into 7 regions (taing), 7 states (pyine) and 1 union territory. In alphabetical order, the regions of Myanmar are: Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy), Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi and Yangon (Rangoon). The states are: Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Nay Pyi Taw (Naypyidaw) is the union territory in Myanmar.
With an area of 676,578 sq. km, Myanmar is the 10th largest country in the Asian continent and the largest country in Southeast Asia. Located in a mountain-framed spot in north-central Myanmar is Naypyidaw – the capital and the third-largest city of Myanmar. Located in southern Myanmar, Yangon (Rangoon) is the largest city of Myanmar. With over a population of 5 million people, Yangon is the most populous city as well as an important commercial center of Myanmar.
Myanmar is a Southeast Asian country. It is situated in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Myanmar is bordered by the Indian states of Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh and by the Chittagong division of Bangladesh in the northwest; by Tibet Autonomous Region and Yunnan province of China in the north and northeast; by Laos in the east and by Thailand in the southeast. Myanmar is bounded by the Andaman Sea in the south and by the Bay of Bengal in the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Union of Burma|
|Capital City||Rangoon (Yangon); note - Nay Pyi Taw is the administrative capital|
|16 48 N, 96 09 E|
|Independence||4 January 1948 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||676,578 km2|
|Land Area||653,508 km2|
|Water Area||23,070 km2|
|Total Border||6,522 km|
|Bordering Countries||Bangladesh 271 km, China 2129 km, India 1468 km, Laos 238 km, Thailand 2416 km|
|Climate||Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, june to september); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, december to april)|
|Coordinates||22 00 N, 98 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||702 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal|
|Highest Elevation||5,870 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Burman (Bamar) 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%|
|Religions||Buddhist 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, other 0.2%, none 0.1% (2014 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,407.81|
|Exports||Natural gas; wood products; pulses and beans; fish; rice; clothing; minerals, including jade and gems|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020