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Physical Map of Bangladesh

Physical Map of Bangladesh showing international boundaries, relief, highest point, important cities, major rivers, lakes, and more.
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Bangladesh occupies an area of  148,460 sq. km in South Asia. 

As observed on the physical map of the country above, it is mostly a low-lying country. The geography can be divided into three regions. The highly fertile Ganga-Brahmaputra delta dominates the landscape of Bangladesh. The Barind and Madhupur plateaus define the central and northwestern parts of the country while hills occur to the northeast and southeast.

Bangladesh is often referred to as a nation of rivers. It is in essence a large delta comprised of three significant rivers; the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. The map above exhibits the courses these rivers take in the country. Subsequently, Bangladesh is also one of the most flood-prone countries in the world. When the spring snows melt in the Himalayan Mountains the rivers often overflow running south to the sea. 

The highest point in Bangladesh, Keokradong, peaks at 4,035 ft. (1,230 m), while the lowest point of the country is the Indian Ocean (0 m).

Bibhags of Bangladesh Map

Political Map of Bangladesh showing the 8 Bibhags, their capitals, and the national capital city of Dhaka.
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Bangladesh (officially, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh) is divided into 8 administrative divisions (Bibhag). In alphabetical order, these divisions are: Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur and Sylhet. The administrative divisions are further divided into 64 districts and a number of smaller subdivisions. 

Located in central Bangladesh is Dhaka – the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the administrative, cultural, commercial and economic center of Bangladesh. With a population of more than 7 million people, Dhaka is the most populous city in Bangladesh. With an area of 148,460 sq. km, Bangladesh is the eighth most populous country as well as one of the most densely populated countries in the world.  Chittagong – is the second-largest city of Bangladesh. A major sea port and a coastal city, it serves as the largest sea port, thus playing a vital role in the economy of Bangladesh.

Where is Bangladesh?

Where is Bangladesh?
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Bangladesh is a riverine South Asian country. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Geographically, major portion of Bangladesh is located on the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta at the confluence of the Ganges (Padma), Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers and their tributaries. Bangladesh is bordered by the Indian states: by West Bengal in the north and west; Assam in the north; Meghalaya in the north and northeast; Tripura and Mizoram in the east. To the southeast, it shares a small border with Myanmar (Burma) and the southern part of Bangladesh opens into the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is separated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Siliguri Corridor and from China by Sikkim in the north. 

Bangladesh Bordering Countries: India, Myanmar.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Bangladesh

Blank Outline Map of Bangladesh

The blank outline map above represents Bangladesh, a South Asian country. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for educational purpose or coloring.

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Outline Map of Bangladesh

The above map is of Bangladesh in South Asia. The borders of the country were established in August 1947 but the territory then became East Pakistan. In 1971, the free national of Bangladesh was established following the Liberation War.

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Key Facts

Legal Name People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital City Dhaka
23 43 N, 90 24 E
Independence 16 December 1971 (from Pakistan)


Total Area 148,460 km2
Land Area 130,170 km2
Water Area 18,290 km2
Total Border 4,413 km
Coastline 580 km
Bordering Countries Burma 271 km, India 4142 km
Climate Tropical; mild winter (october to march); hot, humid summer (march to june); humid, warm rainy monsoon (june to october)
Coordinates 24 00 N, 90 00 E
Mean Elevation 85 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Indian Ocean
Highest Elevation 1,230 m


Population 163,046,161
Ethnic Groups Bengali at least 98%, other indigenous ethnic groups 1.1% (2011 est.)
Languages Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
Religions Muslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.)


Currency taka (BDT)
GDP $302.57 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,855.74
Exports Garments, knitwear, agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather

This page was last updated on September 16, 2020

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