Bangladesh occupies an area of 148,460 sq. km in South Asia.
As observed on the physical map of the country above, it is mostly a low-lying country. The geography can be divided into three regions. The highly fertile Ganga-Brahmaputra delta dominates the landscape of Bangladesh. The Barind and Madhupur plateaus define the central and northwestern parts of the country while hills occur to the northeast and southeast.
Bangladesh is often referred to as a nation of rivers. It is in essence a large delta comprised of three significant rivers; the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. The map above exhibits the courses these rivers take in the country. Subsequently, Bangladesh is also one of the most flood-prone countries in the world. When the spring snows melt in the Himalayan Mountains the rivers often overflow running south to the sea.
Bangladesh (officially, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh) is divided into 8 administrative divisions (Bibhag). In alphabetical order, these divisions are: Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur and Sylhet. The administrative divisions are further divided into 64 districts and a number of smaller subdivisions.
Located in central Bangladesh is Dhaka – the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the administrative, cultural, commercial and economic center of Bangladesh. With a population of more than 7 million people, Dhaka is the most populous city in Bangladesh. With an area of 148,460 sq. km, Bangladesh is the eighth most populous country as well as one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Chittagong – is the second-largest city of Bangladesh. A major sea port and a coastal city, it serves as the largest sea port, thus playing a vital role in the economy of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is a riverine South Asian country. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Geographically, major portion of Bangladesh is located on the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta at the confluence of the Ganges (Padma), Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers and their tributaries. Bangladesh is bordered by the Indian states: by West Bengal in the north and west; Assam in the north; Meghalaya in the north and northeast; Tripura and Mizoram in the east. To the southeast, it shares a small border with Myanmar (Burma) and the southern part of Bangladesh opens into the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is separated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Siliguri Corridor and from China by Sikkim in the north.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||People's Republic of Bangladesh|
|23 43 N, 90 24 E|
|Independence||16 December 1971 (from Pakistan)|
|Total Area||148,460 km2|
|Land Area||130,170 km2|
|Water Area||18,290 km2|
|Total Border||4,413 km|
|Bordering Countries||Burma 271 km, India 4142 km|
|Climate||Tropical; mild winter (october to march); hot, humid summer (march to june); humid, warm rainy monsoon (june to october)|
|Coordinates||24 00 N, 90 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||85 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,230 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Bengali at least 98%, other indigenous ethnic groups 1.1% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Muslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,855.74|
|Exports||Garments, knitwear, agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020