The Atlantic Ocean ranks as the second largest ocean in the world, occupying an area of 41.1 million square miles, and therefore covering 20% of the Earth's surface. The Atlantic Ocean has the most saline water of all the oceans in the world, with the highest salinity occurring near the equator. It roughly shaped into an s-shape. The ocean borders the Americas to the west and Europe and Africa to the east. The Atlantic Ocean is home to several islands that are scattered throughout the ocean. Some of the island countries situated on the Atlantic are Cuba, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Sao Tome and Principe, the Bahamas, Cape Verde, Ireland, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados.
Islands Nations in the Atlantic Ocean
Cuba is an Island country situated at the meeting points of the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean. The nation is comprised of the Island of Cuba, which is the largest, the Isla de la Juventud, and many other tiny islands. Cuba has a land area of 42,426 square miles and is Caribbean’s largest island and the world’s 17th largest island. Some of Cuba’s neighboring states are Haiti, the Bahamas, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, and Mexico. Cuba is home to more than 11.2 million people. The landscape on the main island mainly consists of vast plains and some mountain ranges in the southeast. The place has a tropical climate which is suitable for food production. Cuba is endowed with many natural resources such as mineral deposits, fertile land, and scenic beaches. Fishing is among the largest industries in Cuba due to the water resources that surround the island nation.
The United Kingdom is an independent nation situated off the coast of mainland Europe. The nation is made up of the island of Great Britain, the northern region of the Island of Ireland, and some other small islands. The United Kingdom is largely engulfed by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the Celtic Sea, and the Irish Sea. It occupies an area of 93,600 square miles. The country’s coastline is 11,073 miles long. The country hosts a population of over 66 million residents. The United Kingdom is a union four countries namely the Northern Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and England. The country’s climate is temperate with rainfall all year round.
Iceland is an island nation found on the North Atlantic Ocean and occupies an area of 40,000 square miles. It is Europe’s second largest island after the United Kingdom. Iceland is comprised of one main island and close to 30 small islands. Its population is estimated at 350,000 people. Iceland’s climate is subarctic. North Atlantic currents bring warmth to the region giving Iceland slightly higher temperatures than other regions of similar latitudes. Iceland relies on fishing in the surrounding waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Fishing accounts for approximately 40% of export earnings. The country also greatly benefits from the vibrant tourism industry.
Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe is an African country situated on the Atlantic Ocean and off the West African coast. The island country is comprised of the two major islands Sao Tome and Principe. The country’s total area is 386 square miles which makes it the second tiniest country in Africa. The island nation is home to an estimated 200,000 residents. Sao Tome and Principe enjoy a tropical climate due to its proximity to the equator. Due to the tropical climate and good soil for agriculture, the country is a large producer of cocoa, coffee, and palm kernels.
The Bahamas is a sovereign country comprised of more than 700 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean. Only a few of the Bahamas Islands are inhabited. The islands have low elevations with the highest place in the country being Mount Alvernia, which rises to about 200 feet above sea level. The Bahamas have a tropical climate. Their low latitude and low elevation make the islands warm. The nation enjoys as many as 340 days of sunshine. The biggest industry in the Bahamas is tourism. It accounts for 60% of the country’s GDP. Agriculture is another major sector in the country. Crops grown in the Bahamas include onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, oranges, limes, and sugar cane.
Cape Verde is an island nation consisting of 10 volcanic islands located in the central region of the Atlantic Ocean. It is home to slightly more than 500,000 people. The islands of Cape Verde occupy a total area of 1,500 square miles. The islands are divided spatially into two groups; the Barlavento Islands and Sotavento Islands. Most of the islands in Cape Verde experience dry weather due to their closeness to the Sahara Desert. Only a few of the islands are agriculturally productive. Nonetheless, Cape Verde relies on fishing on the nearby Atlantic Ocean to boost its economy. Additionally, the country generates significant income from its thriving tourism sector.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago is a sovereign country located in the Atlantic Ocean. It is comprised of the two main islands; Trinidad and Tobago, and many other landforms. The country occupies an area of 1,981 square miles. The island’s landscapes largely consist of mountain ranges and expansive plains. Trinidad and Tobago have an estimated population of 1.4 million people. The twin islands enjoy the tropical climate. The country has a dry season that lasts five months and a rainy season that lasts seven months. Trinidad and Tobago’s main income generators are the petroleum industry, tourism, and manufacturing. The country is among the most developed in the Caribbean.
Barbados is an Island country situated in the Caribbean region and on the North Atlantic Ocean. The island has a flat terrain compared to its neighboring islands. Barbados occupies an area of 169 square miles and is home to approximately 280,000 residents. The island nation has a tropical monsoon climate and experiences wet season and dry season. It is situated in a region safe from harsh storms and hurricanes. Severe weather hardly affects the island of Barbados. The nation’s tourism industry is a major source of income. Barbados has beautiful sandy beaches that attract tourists every year.
Natural Resources in the Atlantic Ocean
The Atlantic Ocean has a wealth of natural resources that benefit the island countries scattered throughout the ocean. The Atlantic Ocean has some of the richest varieties of fish, and as a result, most nations in the Atlantic use the fishing industry to earn income. Secondly, the ocean’s continental shelves have rich mineral deposits which contribute significant income to the countries involved in mining the mineral. Lastly, the ocean is home to some beautiful beaches, and the scenic beaches attract tourists from around the world, therefore, contributing to the growth of the tourism industries of most island nations on the Atlantic.
Which Island Countries Are Located In The Atlantic Ocean?
Island nations in the Atlantic Ocean include Cuba, the United Kingdom, and Iceland.
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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