Sri Lanka is an island country located to the south of the Indian Peninsula in the Indian Ocean and has an area of 65,610 sq. km.
As observed on the physical map above, most of Sri Lanka is low-lying and is ringed by (almost endless) sandy beaches, and small, irregular lagoons.
The coastal areas merge into a flat coastal plain, one that gently rises into the foothills of a mountainous region, central and south.
Intermixed throughout those mountains are numerous deep valleys and gorges. About 40% of the landmass is heavily forested.
Pidurutalagala, the country's highest point at 8,261 ft. (2,518 m), along with Adam's Peak (the country's famous religious site) both rise in the mountains directly east of Colombo. Both have been marked on the map.
The country's lowest point is the Indian Ocean at 0 m.
Numerous short and narrow rivers rise in the central highland; the most significant include the Kala, Kalu, Kirindi and Yan rivers.
Off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka a chain of limestone shoals, known as Adam's Bridge, separates the Gulf of Mannar from the Palk Strait, and runs along the water to the southeastern coast of India.
At one point it was completely passable, but Adam's Bridge broke apart in the late 15th century when a cyclone hit the region. Today, the bridge is 18 miles (30 km) long, and ranges from 3 - 30ft. (1 - 10m) deep in some areas.
Sri Lanka (officially, the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka) is divided into 9 administrative provinces. In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Central, Eastern, North Central, Northern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva and Western. These provinces are further subdivided into 25 districts and other smaller subdivisions.
Sri Lanka is one of the Asian countries with two capitals. The satellite city of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is the administrative capital and seat of the National Legislature of Sri Lanka. While the capital city of Colombo – is the chief economic and commercial center of Sri Lanka and the greater South Asia. Located in the south western part of the country, Colombo is a port city and one of the largest man-made harbors in the world. With a combined population of over 8 lakhs, the two capitals of Sri Lanka represent the two largest urban areas of the country.
Sri Lanka is an island country in Southern Asia. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean, to the south west of Bay of Bengal and to the south east of the Arabian Sea. It is separated from the peninsular Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. Sri Lanka shares its maritime borders with India and Maldives.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka|
|Capital City||Colombo (commercial capital); Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital)|
|6 55 N, 79 50 E|
|Independence||4 February 1948 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||65,610 km2|
|Land Area||64,630 km2|
|Water Area||980 km2|
|Total Border||0 km|
|Climate||Tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (december to march); southwest monsoon (june to october)|
|Coordinates||7 00 N, 81 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||228 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,524 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Sinhalese 74.9%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2%, Sri Lankan Moors 9.2%, Indian Tamil 4.2%, other 0.5% (2012 est.)|
|Languages||Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.)|
|Religions||Buddhist (official) 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other Christian 1.3%, other 0.05% (2012 est.)|
|Currency||Sri Lankan rupees (LKR)|
|GDP Per Capita||$3,853.08|
|Exports||Textiles and apparel, tea and spices; rubber manufactures; precious stones; coconut products, fish|
This page was last updated on September 16, 2020