Located just a few miles off the South American continent, Trinidad and Tobago are hilly islands with a few mountains of note. Covering a total area of 5,131 sq.km (1,981 sq mi), the island country of Trinidad and Tobago, consists of two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago, along with many smaller islands.
As observed on the physical map of the country above, Trinidad – the larger of the two islands, is crisscrossed by mountain ranges; the most dominant of these is the Northern Range. It is a rugged area of hills and peaks with the country's highest point being Mount Aripo (El Cero del Aripo) at 940m (3,084ft) high (marked by a yellow triangle on the map).
The lower Central Range spreads across the central area of the island, and in the far south, a scattered group of hills (The Southern Range & Trinity Hills) border the southern coastline.
Trinidad is drained by numerous short rivers and streams, with the Rivers – Caripo (in the north) and Ortoire (in the south), being the most significant. There are also many large swamp areas.
As for Tobago, there is a Central Ridge running down it’s spine, with some elevations exceeding 600m (1,968ft). The islands have numerous small rivers and streams, and it’s coastline is ringed by bays, beaches and a narrow coastal plain that rises into the hills. Tobago has a number of small islands running along it’s eastern coastline.
Trinidad and Tobago (officially, the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) is divided into 9 regions, 5 municipalities (3 boroughs + 2 cities) and 1 ward. The regions are: Couva –Tabaquite -Talparo, Diego Martin, Mayaro – Rio Claro, Penal Debe, Princes Town, Sangre Grande, San Juan Laventille, Siparia, Tunapuna-Piarco. The 3 boroughs are: Arima, Chaguanas and Point Fortin. The 2 cities are: Port of Spain and San Fernando. Tobago is the ward.
Covering a total area of 5,131 sq. km, the island country of Trinidad and Tobago consists of two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago along with many smaller islands. Of these islands, Trinidad occupies an area of 4,768 sq. km, and is the largest and the most populous of the two main islands. Tobago occupies an area of 300 sq. km, and is the smaller one of the two major islands. Trinidad and Tobago is the 5th largest island country in West Indies and the most industrialised and prosperous nation in the Caribbean.
Located on the Gulf of Paria, in the north western coast of the island of Trinidad is Port of Spain – the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago. It is the administrative and financial center and a major port of the island country. Port of Spain is the 2nd largest city in the country, while San Fernando - situated in the south western coast of the island of Trinidad, is the largest and the most populous city in Trinidad and Tobago.
The islands of Trinidad and Tobago are located in the far-south eastern Caribbean Sea, just a few miles off the coast of South America. These islands are positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Trinidad and Tobago shares maritime borders with Barbados to the northeast; Grenada to the northwest; Guyana to the southeast and with Venezuela to the west and south. The islands are bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the north; by the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east and by the Gulf of Paria to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
|Port of Spain
|10 39 N, 61 31 W
Port of Spain (545,045)
|Trinidad and Tobago dollars (TTD)
|GDP Per Capita
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021