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South Carolina

South Carolina Geography

South Carolina is divided into four distinct areas; the Sea Islands, Atlantic Coastal Plain, Piedmont Plateau and Blue Ridge Mountains.

Hundreds of sea islands front its deeply indented southeastern Atlantic Ocean coastline. From there the broad and flat Atlantic Coastal Plain extends inland near 70 miles. Swampy along the coast, it's criss-crossed by dozens of rivers and covers about 50% of the state.

The land then rises gently into forested sand hills (central), and then into the rolling hills of the Piedmont Plateau, where average elevations are near 1,000 ft above sea level.

The forested Blue Ridge Mountains, famed for a bluish color when seen from a distance, stretch across the northwestern edges of the state. The state's highest point is located here; Sassafras Mountain, at 3,560 ft.

The Appalachian Mountains, about 1,500 miles in length, extend from Georgia through the Carolinas, up through New England and on into the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Quebec.

South Carolina is drained by many rivers. Major ones include the Edisto, Great Pee Dee, Santee and Savannah In addition, the state contains many manmade lakes and reservoirs, including Hartwell, Keowee, Marion, Moultrie and Murray lakes. and the Strom Thurmond Reservoir

For a closer look at the topography of South Carolina, view this topographic map.

South Carolina Photographs

blue ridge mountains

Blue Ridge Mountains

Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina Alterniflora) Tidal Salt Marshes, Stono River, Charleston

Tidal salt marshes...
by Marc Epstein
Buy This at Allposters.com

South Carolina Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Abbeville Abbeville 864
Aiken Aiken 803
Allendale Allendale 803
Anderson Anderson 864
Bamberg Bamberg 803
Barnwell Barnwell 803
Beaufort Beaufort 843
Goose Creek Berkeley 843
Saint Matthews Calhoun 803
Charleston Charleston 843
Gaffney Cherokee 864
Chester Chester 803
Cheraw Chesterfield 843
Manning Clarendon 803
Walterboro Colleton 843
Hartsville Darlington 843
Dillon Dillon 843
Summerville Dorchester 843
North Augusta Edgefield 803
Winnsboro Fairfield 803
Florence Florence 843
Georgetown Georgetown 843
Greenville Greenville 864
Greenwood Greenwood 864
Estill Hampton 803
Myrtle Beach Horry 843
Ridgeland Jasper 843
Camden Kershaw 803
Lancaster Lancaster 803
Laurens Laurens 864
Bishopville Lee 803
Lexington Lexington 803
Marion Marion 843
Bennettsville Marlboro 843
McCormick McCormick 864
Newberry Newberry 803
Seneca Oconee 864
Orangeburg Orangeburg 803
Easley Pickens 864
Columbia Richland 803
Saluda Saluda 864
Spartanburg Spartanburg 864
Sumter Sumter 803
Union Union 864
Kingstree Williamsburg 843
Rock Hill York 803

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.