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New York

New York Description

Bordered by two of the Great Lakes, two Canadian provinces, five U.S. states, the Atlantic Ocean, and anchored by New York City - the State of New York, is frankly, a most spectacular place.

Long the ancestral home for Algonquin and Iroquois Indians, it was English explorer, Henry Hudson, who opened the interior of this promising land to Europeans, and in 1625 the Dutch began to settle what they called New Amsterdam, which was later renamed New York City by the British.

New York would become one of the Revolutionary War's main battlegrounds, more than ninety military engagements were fought here. Shortly after the British surrendered at the Battle of Saratoga, New York became the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

From the early 19th century, until the middle of the 20th century, New York City was the United States' main port of immigration entry, and Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, served as the gateway for millions. The Statue of Liberty opening in 1886 added a symbol of hope, and New York boomed during the 1920s.

New York prospered even further in the early 20th century, becoming the most populous and richest state of the U.S. Within decades the five boroughs New York City merged to form one city, and skyscrapers began popping up, becoming the emblem of the city.

The Woolworth was the tallest skyscraper in the world in 1913, and was surpassed by 40 Wall Street in 1930, then quickly by the Chrysler building the same year. The Empire State building became the tallest in 1931, and finally the World Trade Center in 1972.

Wall Street crashed in 1929, sparking the Great Depression, and marking a ten year financial struggle that affected all of the Western industrialized countries.

Following World War II, New York's economy began to turn around, and the state experienced significant suburbanization. However, for the first time since the 1920s, immigration declined and New York's population decreased between 1970 and 1980, with both California and Texas exceeding the state in population.

New York transitioned into a telecommunication and high technology center in the late 20th century, especially in New York City, and as more and more industrial firms began to crumble, entrepreneurs created many small companies in their aftermath. This in turn drew in a new influx of emigrants, many of which were young professionals, and subsequently led to a surge in culture. New York was once again "the center for all things chic and trendy."

Innovations in investment banking during this time only served to increase New York's dominance in financial services, however, as this prosperity grew in the city, upstate did not fare as well.

While city populations began to decline, suburbs grew in area, and the number of farms fell dramatically by the late 1990s. Despite this, New York entered the new millennium "in a position of economic strength and optimism."

This optimism was shattered on September 11, 2001, as the worst terrorist attack in America's history took place, and two hijacked passenger jets were crashed into the World Trade Center. Thousands volunteered to search the wreckage for survivors and remains in the following weeks; in addition, the destruction caused a serious loss for the economy of Lower Manhattan, which in turn had a significant effect on global markets.

Plans were announced for a new World Trade Center following the attacks, and within five years a new skyscraper was rebuilt. As of 2011, 'One World Trade Center,' four more office towers, and a memorial were  also under construction.

In addition to America's premier city, New York is home to forested national parks, rugged mountains, over 40,000 miles of rivers and streams, numerous lakes, and a wide variety of sophisticated cities mixed in with small town America.

From Niagara Falls to Long Island, the Empire State of New York bursts with attractions (both natural and man-made), commercial and industrial complexes and cultural institutions - all of which contribute to its recognized reputation around the world.

New York Photographs

statue of liberty, new york

Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor

Catskills, New York

Hidden Waterfall in the New York State Catskills

Albany New York

Albany, New York

New York Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Albany Albany 518
Wellsville Allegany 585
Bronx Bronx 718
Binghamton Broome 607
Olean Cattaraugus 716
Auburn Cayuga 315
Jamestown Chautauqua 716
Elmira Chemung 607
Norwich Chenango 607
Plattsburgh Clinton 518
Hudson Columbia 518
Cortland Cortland 607
Walton Delaware 607
Poughkeepsie Dutchess 845
Buffalo Erie 716
Lake Placid Essex 518
Malone Franklin 518
Gloversville Fulton 518
Batavia Genesee 585
Catskill Greene 518
Indian Lake Hamilton 518
Ilion Herkimer 315
Watertown Jefferson 315
Brooklyn Kings 718
Lowville Lewis 315
Dansville Livingston 585
Oneida Madison 315
Rochester Monroe 585
Amsterdam Montgomery 518
Valley Stream Nassau 516
New York City New York 212
Niagara Falls Niagara 716
Utica Oneida 315
Syracuse Onondaga 315
Canandaigua Ontario 585
Middletown Orange 845
Albion Orleans 585
Oswego Oswego 315
Oneonta Otsego 607
Mahopac Putnam 845
Ridgewood Queens 718
Elmhurst Queens 718
Flushing Queens 718
Jamaica Queens 718
Corona Queens 718
Astoria Queens 718
Troy Rensselaer 518
Staten Island Richmond 718
Spring Valley Rockland 845
Potsdam Saint Lawrence 315
Clifton Park Saratoga 518
Schenectady Schenectady 518
Cobleskill Schoharie 518
Watkins Glen Schuyler 607
Seneca Falls Seneca 315
Corning Steuben 607
Huntington Station Suffolk 631
Monticello Sullivan 845
Owego Tioga 607
Ithaca Tompkins 607
Kingston Ulster 845
Queensbury Warren 518
Hudson Falls Washington 518
Newark Wayne 315
Yonkers Westchester 914
Attica Wyoming 585
Penn Yan Yates 315

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.